HSF1: An Emerging Factor In Cancer

  • Stuart K. Calderwood
  • Md Abdul Khaleque
  • Ajit Bharti
  • Daniel R. Ciocca
Part of the Heat Shock Proteins book series (HESP, volume 2)


Heat shock factor1, the transcriptional activator of the heat shock protein (hsp) genes is expressed to high level in a number of types of malignancy. HSF1 elevation is coupled to the activation of the c-erb-B2 pathway, a common change associated with breast cancer. HSF1 may exert pro-malignant effects through the activation of hsp gene transcription. The resulting elevated levels of Hsp promote cancer growth through inhibition of apoptosis and promotion of autonomous growth. In addition, HSF1 possesses properties other than those of a transcriptional activator. HSF1 is a gene repressor and binds to the gene co-repressor MTA1 (metastasis associated protein 1). HSF1 may thus function in cancer due to repression of genes that deter malignancy. HSF1 activation may also occur secondarily to treatment with current agents used in chemotherapy such as Hsp90 inhibitors and proteasome inhibitors. Such HSF1 activation may be a confounding effect in chemotherapy. HSF1 thus plays a significant role in tumor growth and response to therapy


Heat shock transcription factor protein apoptosis autonomous growth glycogen synthase kinase 3 metastasis associated protein one gene co-repressor estrogen receptor chromatin heregulin c-erb-B2 hsp 90 inhibitor chemotherapy proteasome mammary carcinoma 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stuart K. Calderwood
    • 1
    • 2
  • Md Abdul Khaleque
    • 1
  • Ajit Bharti
    • 2
  • Daniel R. Ciocca
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Molecular and Cellular Radiation OncologyBeth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Harvard Medical SchoolBoston
  2. 2.Department of MedicineBoston University School of MedicineUSA
  3. 3.Oncology LaboratoryInstitute of Experimental Medicine and Biology of Cuyo (CRICYT-CONICET) and Argentina Foundation for Cancer Research (FAIC)5500 MendozaArgentina

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