Heron of Alexandria (c. 10–85 AD)

  • Evangelos Papadopoulos
Part of the History of Mechanism and Machine Science book series (HMMS, volume 1)


Heron of Alexandria was a mathematician, physicist and engineer who lived around 10–85 AD. He taught at Alexandria’s Musaeum and wrote many books on Mathematics, Geometry and Engineering, which were in use till the medieval times. His most important invention was the Aeolipile, the first steam turbine. Other inventions include automated machines for temples and theaters, surveying instruments, and military machines and weapons.


Wind Turbine Hollow Sphere Steam Turbine Gear Train Worm Gear 
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© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evangelos Papadopoulos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Technical University of AthensAthensGreece

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