Alexander Yershov (1818–1867)

  • Alexander Golovin
  • Dina Mkrtychyan
Part of the History of Mechanism and Machine Science book series (HMMS, volume 1)


Alexander Yershov was one of the founders of the Moscow Science School of Mechanisms and Machines. His book Foundation of Kinematics or Elementary Theory about Motion in General and about Mechanisms of Machines Especially was written for the Imperial Moscow University and the Imperial Moscow Technical Supreme School (IMTSS). It was the first Russian textbook on kinematics. The curriculum of the Moscow Educational Industrial School (MEIS and later IMTSS) which was one of the first higher engineering schools in Russia, is significantly connected with the name of Alexander Yershov. He began his career in 1845 at the institute as a teacher of practical mechanics, and then became a Professor, a Class Inspector and finally the Director. As a result of his activity as a Professor of Applied Mechanics and the Director of MEIS, the theoretical education curriculum was widened, the number of courses in practical mechanics was increased and standards were raised for qualification of teachers. Yershov orchestrated the reorganization of IMTSS and achieved equality of status between teachers and pupils at the St. Petersburg Institute of Technology. He also established the Mechanisms Collection of the Theory of Machines and Mechanisms Department at IMTSS.


Descriptive Geometry Elementary Theory Technical School High Technical Transformation Moving 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Chinenova, V. (1978), History and Methodology of Natural Sciences, Part XX, 214–222, Moscow.Google Scholar
  2. Golovin, A. and Ceccarelli, M. (2005), Third International Workshop on History of Machines and Mechanisms: Proceedings, BMSTU, Moscow, 205 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Grinevetsky, V. (1915), About Reform of Engineering Education, Moscow. History of MEIS (1860), Moscow.Google Scholar
  4. Krasusky, V. (1878), Brief Historical Sketch of MEIS, Moscow.Google Scholar
  5. Lyubimov, N. (1869), Memoirs about Alexander Yershov, Moscow.Google Scholar
  6. Moiseev, N. (1961), Sketches of Development of the Mechanics, MSU, Moscow.Google Scholar
  7. Prokofyev, V. (1956), Professor Yershov, Moscow. Regulations of the IMTSS (1868).Google Scholar
  8. Volchkevich, I. (2000), History’s Essays of Moscow Higher Technical Secondary School, Moscow, 240 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Yanovskaya, S. (1952), Two documents from a history of the Moscow University, Herald of Moscow University No. 8, pp. 41–56, Moscow.Google Scholar
  10. Yershov, A. (1844), About Water as the Engine, Moscow.Google Scholar
  11. Yershov, A. (1845), About the contents and teaching of the practical mechanics, Magazine of the Ministry of National Education, Part 45, Section II.Google Scholar
  12. Yershov, A. (1857), About Higher Technical Education in Western Europe, Moscow.Google Scholar
  13. Yershov, A. (1859), About value of mechanical art and its condition in Russia (speech on ceremonial conference of the Moscow University on 12 January 1859), Moscow.Google Scholar
  14. Yershov, A. (1954), Foundation of Kinematics or Elementary Theory about Motion in General and about Mechanisms of Machines Especially, Moscow.Google Scholar
  15. Zernov, D. (1898), To question about higher technical education, St. Petersburg.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Golovin
  • Dina Mkrtychyan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Theory of Mechanisms and MachinesBauman Moscow State Technical UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations