Advertisement

Challenges in Radioecotoxicology

Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series book series (NAPSC)

Radioecotoxicology refers to responses, usually negative and detrimental responses, in living organisms exposed to radionuclides in ecosystems contaminated with artificially produced radionuclides or enriched with naturally occurring radionuclides. The key focus is put on the link between radionuclide exposures and the subsequent biological effects in flora and fauna. Radioecotoxicology is therefore an essential ingredient in impact and risk assessments associated with radioactive contaminated ecosystems.

Keywords

Linear Energy Transfer Relative Biological Effectiveness Radioactive Contamination Global Fallout Biological Uptake 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. AMAP 2002. Arctic pollution Issues: A state of the Arctic environment report. Oslo, Norway.Google Scholar
  2. AMAP 2002. AMAP Assessment 2002: Radioactivity in the Arctic. Oslo, Norway.Google Scholar
  3. Brown JE, Hosseini A, Borretzen P, Thorring H. 2006. Development of a methodology for assessing the environmental impact of radioactivity in Northern Marine environments. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 52:1127–1137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hinton TG, Bedford JS, Congdon JC, Whicker FW. 2004. Effects of radiation on the environment: a need to question old paradigms and enhance collaboration among radiation biologists and radiation ecologists. Radiat Res 162:332–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hinton T, Garten CT, Kaplan DI, Whicker FW. 2007. Major biogeochemical processes of radionuclide dispersal in terrestrial environments. Rad. Ass. in press.Google Scholar
  6. Lind OC, Oughton DH, Salbu B, Skipperud L, Sickel M, Brown JE, Fifield LK, Tims SG. 2006. Transport of low 240Pu/239Pu atom ratio plutonium in the Ob and Yenisey Rivers to the Kara Sea. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. in press.Google Scholar
  7. Mothersill C, Bucking C, Smith RW, Agnihotri N, Oneill A, Kilemade M, Seymour CB. 2006. Communication of radiation-induced stress or bystander signals between fish in vivo. Environ Sci Technol 40:6859–6864.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Mothersill C, Salbu B, Heier LS, Teien HC, Denbeigh J, Oughton DH, Rosseland BO, Seymour CB. 2007. Multiple stressor effects of radiation and metals in salmon (Salmo salar). J. Environ. Radioact. April 9th epub.Google Scholar
  9. Salbu B. 2000. Speciation of radionuclides in the environment. In Meyers RA, ed, Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chishester, pp 12993–13016.Google Scholar
  10. Salbu B. 2001. Actinides associated with particles. In Kudo A, ed, Plutonium in the Environment, First ed, Elsevier, Tokyo, pp 121–138.Google Scholar
  11. Salbu B. 2007. Speciation of radionuclides–Analytical challenges within environmental impact and risk assessments. J. Environ. Radioact. April 30th epub.Google Scholar
  12. Salbu B, Lind OC. 2005. Radioactive particles released from various nuclear sources. Radioprotection 40:27–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Salbu B, Krekling T, Oughton DH, Ostby G, Kashparov VA, Brand TL, Day JP. 1994. Hot particles in accidental releases from chernobyl and windscale nuclear installations. Analyst 119:125–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Salbu B, Janssens K, Krekling T, Simionovici A, Drakopoulos M, Raven C, Snigireva I, Snigirev A, Lind OC, Oughton DH, Adams F, Kashparov VA. 2000. X-ray absorption tomography and–XANES for characterisation of fuel particles. ESRF Highlights 24–25.Google Scholar
  15. Salbu B, Skipperud L, Germain P, Guegueniat P, Strand P, Lind OC, Christensen G. 2003. Radionuclide speciation in effluent from La Hague reprocessing plant in France. Health Phys. 85:311–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Salbu B, Lind OC, Skipperud L. 2004. Radionuclide speciation and its relevance in environmental impact assessments. J. Environ. Radioact. 74:233–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Salbu B, Rosseland BO, Oughton DH. 2005. Multiple stressors–a challenge for the future. J. Environ. Monit. 7:1–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Skipperud L, Oughton D, Salbu B. 2000. The impact of Pu speciation on distribution coefficients in Mayak soil. Sci. Total Environ. 257:81–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Skipperud L, Oughton DH, Salbu B. 2000. The impact of plutonium speciation on the distribution coefficients in a sediment-sea water system, and radiological assessment of doses to humans. Health Phys. 79:147–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Skipperud L, Oughton DH, Fifield LK, Lind OC, Tims S, Brown J, Sickel M. 2004. Plutonium isotope ratios in the Yenisey and Ob estuaries. Appl. Radiat. Isot. 60:589–593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ulsh B, Hinton TG, Congdon JD, Dugan LC, Whicker FW, Bedford JS. 2003. Environmental biodosimetry: a biologically relevant tool for ecological risk assessment and biomonitoring. J Environ Radioact 66:121–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Isotope Laboratory, Department of Plant and Environmental SciencesNorwegian University of Life SciencesNorway

Personalised recommendations