The Latest Development of the Weak Segregation Theory of Microphase Separation In Block Copolymers

  • Igor Erukhimovich
Part of the NanoScience and Technology book series (NANO)

One of the most interesting phenomena occurring in copolymer systems is the so-called order-disorder transition (ODT) or microphase separation, i.e. formation of ordered morphologies possessing the symmetry of a crystal lattice [1-5] which occurs with changing (typically decreasing) temperature T. With further decrease of T the ODT is often followed by various order-order transitions between the different ordered morphologies1. Obviously, the physical reason for this ordering is competition between the short-range segregation and long-range stabilization tendencies. More precisely, with decreasing T the energy gain upon local segregation grows as compared to the loss of the translational entropy accompanying such segregation whereas the immiscible blocks can not separate fully because of their covalent bonding. As a result, an ordered pattern of alternating domains, which are filled preferably by monomers of the same sort, arises. Block copolymer melts with different structural and interaction parameters are known to form different morphologies at the order-disorder and order-order transitions so that the ultimate goal of the theory is to determine the symmetry and geometry of the most stable ordered phases for a copolymer melt or blend given its composition, architecture and temperature as well as predict the thermodynamic, scattering and mechanical properties of the phases.

Keywords

Entropy Surfactant Crystallization Hexagonal Pyridine 

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor Erukhimovich
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsM. V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityRussia

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