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Lentil pp 107-126 | Cite as

Lentil-Based Cropping Systems

Chapter

Abstract

Lentil is a protein-rich winter season pulse crop. Its cultivation is concentrated mostly in semi-arid regions in the Indian sub-continent and dry areas of Middle East. It can be grown under conserved moisture conditions after monsoon rains. The sowing of lentil is popular as mono and sequential cropping, intercropping, mixed cropping, relay cropping and multistorey cropping in various countries. In India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal, rice-lentil system is more common but its cultivation is also done after maize, cotton, sorghum and pearlmillet. It can be intercropped successfully in wheat, barley, mustard and linseed. For mixed/intercropping optimum seeding and planting configuration is very important to achieve higher total productivity. In various experiments lentil+wheat (30%), lentil + mustard 5 : 1 row ratio and lentil+linseed 5 : 1 row ratio showed highest land equivalent ratio than sole lentil. In autumn sugarcane, lentil intercropping revealed higher cane equivalent yield than sole sugarcane. In eastern India, the broadcasting of lentil seed in standing rice about 15 days before the harvest gave significantly higher grain yield than lentil sown after the harvest of rice. The inclusion of lentil in various cropping systems improves physical properties of soil and increases the yield of succeeding cereal crop due to biological nitrogen fixation and other rotational effects. Proper agronomic management, use of bio-fertilizers and mechanical cultivation may not only improvebreak productivity but also help to bring large area under lentil in various cropping systems

Keywords

Lens Culinaris Pulse Crop Land Equivalent Ratio Eleusine Coracana Deep Tillage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Breeding, Genetics and BiotechnologyPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

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