Advertisement

Lentil pp 255-274 | Cite as

Varietal Adaptation, Participatory Breeding and Plant Type

Chapter

Abstract

The need for adaptation to environments is modified by a need to yield well across a range of seasons and changing microenvironments that can lead to large genotype environment interactions. These interactions may be linked to specific physiological or other traits of the plant which are under genetic control and may be understood. Consequently, different breeding schemes (e.g., farmer participation or research station directed) may be needed in different situations. Similarly under different agro-ecological situations different types of plants may need to be selected (e.g., well watered vs. rainfed). A range of possible factors that affect the ideal adaptation and approach are discussed in this chapter as a means to better understand the process of lentil adaptation that has taken place and continues to take place around the world

Keywords

Seed Yield Plant Type Harvest Index Lens Culinaris Biological Yield 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bailey, K.L., Gossen, B.D., Derksen, D.A. and Watson, P.R. 2000. Impact of agronomic practices and environment on diseases of wheat and lentil in south-eastern Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 80(4): 917–927.Google Scholar
  2. Brandt, S.A. 1999. Management practices for black lentil green manure for the semi-arid Canadian prairies. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 79(1): 11–17.Google Scholar
  3. Brouwer, J.B. 1995. Lens culinaris (lentil) cv. Matilda. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 35(1): 117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bunting, A.H. 1975. Time, phenology and yield of crops. Weather, 30: 312–325.Google Scholar
  5. Chambers, R. 1989. Institutions and practical change. Reversals, institutions and change. In: Farmer First (Eds. R. Chambers, A. Parcy and I.A. Thrupp). London: Intermediate Technology Publications: 181–195.Google Scholar
  6. Deshmukh, R.B. 2005. Advances in major pulse crops research - Success stories. Souvenir: 4th International Food Legumes Research Conference, Oct. 18–22, New Delhi, India: 25–26.Google Scholar
  7. Donald, C.M. and Hamblin, J. 1976. The biological yield and harvest index of cereals as agronomic and plant breeding criteria. Advances in Agronomy, 28: 361–405.Google Scholar
  8. Erskine, W. and El-Ashkar, F. 1993. Rainfall and temperature effects on lentil (Lens culinaris) seed yield in Mediterranean environments. Journal of Agricultural Science, 121(3): 347–354.Google Scholar
  9. Galt, D.L. 1989. Joining FSR to commodity programme breeding efforts earlier: increasing plant breeding efficiency in Nepal. Agricultural Administration (Research and Extension) Network: Network, Paper 8. London: Overseas Development Institute.Google Scholar
  10. Hawtin, G.C., Singh, K.B. and Saxena, M.C. 1979. Some recent advances in the understanding and improvement of Cicer and Lens. In: Summerfield, R.J. and Bunting, A.H. (Eds.). Advances in Legume Science, London; HMSO.Google Scholar
  11. Huyghe, C. 1998. Genetics and genetic modifications of plant architecture in grain legumes: a review. Agronomie, 18 (5–6): 383–411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jain, H.K. 2005. Evaluation of humans, grain legumes and cultures. 4th International Food Legumes Research Conference. Oct. 18–22, New Delhi, India: 3–6.Google Scholar
  13. Joshi, A. and Witcombe, J.R. 1996. Farmer participatory crop improvement. II. Participatory varietal selection, a case study in India. Experimental Agriculture, 32: 461–477.Google Scholar
  14. Joshi, K.D., Rana, R.B., Subedi, M., Kadayat, K.B. and Sthapit, B.R. 1996. Addressing diversity through farmer participatory variety testing and dissemination approach: A case study of Chaite rice in the western hills of Nepal. In: Using Diversity, Enhancing and Maintaining Genetic Resources on Farm. Proceedings of a workshop held on June 19–21, New Delhi, India. (Eds. L. Sperling and M.L. Loevinsohn), IDRC, New Delhi, India: 158–178.Google Scholar
  15. Joshi, N., Singh, S. and Singh, I. 2005. Variability and association studies in lentil. Indian Journal of Pulses Research, 18(2): 144–146.Google Scholar
  16. Kumar, R., Sharma, S.K., Malik, B.P.S., Dahiya, A. and Sharma, A. 2002. Correlation studies in lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.). Annals of Biology, 18(2): 121–123.Google Scholar
  17. Kumar, R., Sharma, S.K., Luthra, O.P. and Sharma, S. 2005. Phenotypic stability of lentil genotypes under different environments. Annals of Biology, 21(2): 155–158.Google Scholar
  18. Lal, S. 2001. Plant type concept in pulses. Souvenir: National Symposium on Pulses for Sustainable Agriculture and Nutritional Security. April 17–19, New Delhi, India: 56–62.Google Scholar
  19. Leport, L., Turner, N.C., French, R.J., Thomson, B.D. and Siddique, K.H.M. 2003. Physiological response of cool-season grain legumes to drought in the low rainfall mediterranean environment of South-Western Australia. Management of agricultural-drought: agronomic and genetic options: 163–172.Google Scholar
  20. Malhotra, R.S., Singh, K.B., Bhullar, G.S. and Sethi, S.C. 1971. Phenotypic stability in lentil. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 31: 21–25.Google Scholar
  21. Maurya, D.M., Bottrall, A. and Farrington, J. 1988. Improved livelihoods, genetic diversity and farmers’ participation: a strategy for rice-breeding in rainfed areas of India. Experimental Agriculture, 24: 311–320.Google Scholar
  22. Miller, P.R., McDonald, C.L., Derksen, D.A. and Waddington, J. 2001. The adaptation of seven broadleaf crops to the dry semiarid prairie. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 81(1): 29–43.Google Scholar
  23. Monteith, J.L. 1977. Climate. In: Alvin, P. de T. (Ed.) Ecophysiology of tropical crops; Academic Press, New York, pp. 1–27.Google Scholar
  24. Muchlbauer, F.J. 1974. Seed yield components in lentil. Crop Science, 14: 403–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Muchlbauer, F.J. 1979. Selection procedures. International Seminar on Lentils. Aleppo, ICARDA. (mimeo).Google Scholar
  26. Om Vir and Gupta, V.P. 2002. Analysis of relationships of yield factors in macrosperma×microsperma derivatives of lentil. Legume Research 25(1): 15–20.Google Scholar
  27. Oweis, T., Ahmed, H. and Mustafa, P. 2004. Lentil production under supplemental irrigation in a Mediterranean environment. Agricultural Water Management, 68 (3): 251–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Salazar, R. 1992. MASIPAG: alternative community rice breeding in the Philippines. Appropriate Technology, 18: 20–21.Google Scholar
  29. Sarkar, S., Singh, S.R., Dasgupta, M.K. (ed.), Ghosh, D.C. (ed.), Das-Gupta, D. (ed), Majumdar, D.K. (ed.), Chattopadhyay, G.N. (ed.), Ganguli, P.K. (ed.), Munsi, P.S. (ed.) and Bhattacharya, D. 1995. role of organic materials on soil physical environment and yield sustainability in rainfed rice-lentil sequence in eastern Uttar Pradesh. Proceedings of National Symposium on Sustainable Agriculture in Sub-humid Zone. March 3–5, India: 58–63.Google Scholar
  30. Sarker, A., Erskine, W. and Singh, M. 2005. Variation in shoot and root characteristics and their association with drought tolerance in lentil landraces. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 52(1): 87–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Saxena, M.C. 1979. Lentil plant ideotype. International Seminar on Lentils. Aleppo, ICARDA. (mimeo).Google Scholar
  32. Saxena, M.C. and Singh, H.P. 1977. Research on winter pulses. Experimental Station Technical Bulletin. No.101: 23–42, Pantnagar, India.Google Scholar
  33. Sheldrake, A.R. and Saxena, N.P. 1979. Comparison of earlier- and later-formed pods of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Annals of Botany, 43: 467–473.Google Scholar
  34. Siddique, K.H.M. and Loss, S.P. 1999. Studies on sowing depth for chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), faba bean (Vicia faba L.) and lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) in a Mediterranean-type environment of south western Australia. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 182(2): 105–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Siddique, K.H.M., Loss, S.P., Pritchard, D.L., Regan, K.L., Tennant, D., Jettner, R.L. and Wilkinson, D. 1998. Adaptation of lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) to Mediterranean-type environments: effect of time of sowing on growth, yield and water use. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 49(4): 613–626.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Siddique, K.H.M., Regan, K.L., Tennant, D. and Thomson, B.D. 2001. Water use and water use efficiency of cool season grain legumes in low rainfall Mediterranean-type environments. European Journal of Agronomy, 15(4): 267–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Silim, S.N., Saxena, M.C. and Erskine, W. 1990. Seedling density and row spacing for lentil in rainfed Mediterranean environments. Agronomy Journal, 82 (5): 927–930.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Silim, S.N., Saxena, M.C. and Erskine, W. 1993. Adaptation of lentil to the Mediterranean environment. I. Factors affecting yield under drought conditions. Experimental Agriculture, 29(1): 9–19.Google Scholar
  39. Singh, T.P. 1977. Harvest index in lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.). Euphytica, 26: 833–839.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Singh, B.B. 2006. Project Coordinator’s Report. All India Coordinated Research Project on MULLaRP. Annual Group Meet (Rabi, 2005–06), Sept. 12–14, Kolkata, India: 1.Google Scholar
  41. Singh, B. and Dixit, R.K. 1970. Genetic variability in some quantitative characters in lentil (Lens esculenta Moench). Madras Agricultural Journal, 57: 227–230.Google Scholar
  42. Singh, V. and Singh, P. 1976. Path analysis for yield components in lentil. Lens, 3: 6–7.Google Scholar
  43. Singh, J.P. and Singh, I.S. 1994. Evaluation of lentil germplasm for plant type, initial flowering and disease resistance. Lens Newsleter, 21 (1): 5–7.Google Scholar
  44. Singh, K.B. and Virmani, S.S. 1974. Pulses. Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.Google Scholar
  45. Sinha, S.K. 1977. Food legumes: distribution, adaptability and biology of yield. FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper No. 3. pp. 124.Google Scholar
  46. Slinkard, A.E. 1979. Tolerance of lentils to environmental stress. International Seminar on Lentils. Aleppo, ICARDA. (mimeo).Google Scholar
  47. Solanki, I.S. 1999. Association analysis for grain yield and other quantitative traits in lentil. Indian Journal of Pulses Research, 12(2): 243–246.Google Scholar
  48. Solanki, I.S. 2001. Stability of seed yield and its component characters in lentil (Lens culinaris). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 71 (6): 414–416.Google Scholar
  49. Solanki, I.S. 2006. Comparison of correlations and path coefficients under different environments in lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.). Crop Improvement, 33(1): 70–73.Google Scholar
  50. Solanki, I.S. and Singh, V.P. 2000. Genetic variability for yield and its components as influenced by planting dates in lentil. Indian Journal of Pulses Research, 13 (1): 52–53.Google Scholar
  51. Solanki, I.S., Singh, V.P. and Waldia, R.S. 1992. Model plant type in lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.). Legume Research, 15(1): 1–6.Google Scholar
  52. Solanki, I.S., Waldia, R.S., Singh, V.P., Malik, B.P.S. and Kakkar, P.S. 1992. Sapna (LH84-8): a lentil cultivar for the North West Plain Zone of India. Lens Newletter, 19(2): 12–13.Google Scholar
  53. Sperling, L., Loevinsohn, M.E. and Ntabomvra, B. 1993. Rethinking the farmers role in plant breeding: local bean experts and on-station selectin in Rwanda. Experimental Agriculture, 29: 509–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Steponkus, P.L. 1978. Cold hardiness and freezing injury of agronomic crops. Advances in Agronomy, 30: 51–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Sthapit, B.R., Joshi, K.D. and Witcombe, J.R. 1996. Farmer participatory crop improvement. III. Participatory plant breeding: a case study of rice in Nepal. Experimental Agriculture, 32: 487–504.Google Scholar
  56. Summerfield, R.J. 1981. Adaptation to Environments. In: Webb, C., Hawtin, G. (Eds.) Lentils. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux London: 91–110.Google Scholar
  57. Tawaha, A.M. and Turk, M.A. 2002. Lentil (Lens culinaris Medic.) productivity as influenced by rate and method of phosphate placement in a Mediterranean environment. Acta Agronomica Hungarica, 50 (2): 197–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Thakur, R. 1995. Prioritization and development of breeding strategies for rainfed lowlands: a critical appraisal. In: Proceedings of the IRRI Conference. Fragile lives in Fragile Eco-systems. Los Banos, Philippines, IRRI: 817–824.Google Scholar
  59. Weltzien, R.E., Whitaker, M.L. and Dhamotharan, M. 1996. Diagnostic methods for breeding pearl millet with farmers in Rajasthan. In: Enhancing and Maintaining Genetic Resources on Farm. Proceedings of a Workshop, June 19–21, 1995, New Delhi, India: 127–139. (Eds. Sperling, L. and Loevinsohn, M.L.). International Development Research Centre, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  60. Wilson, V.E. 1977. Components of yield and seed characteristics in lentil. Horticultural Science, 12: 555–556.Google Scholar
  61. Wilson, V.E. and Hudson, L.W. 1978. Registration of WH-2040 lentil germplasm. Crop Science, 18: 1097.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Witcombe, J.R., Joshi, A., Joshi, K.D. and Sthapit, B.R. 1996. Farmer participatory crop improvement. I. Varietal selection and breeding methods and their impact on biodiversity. Experimental Agriculture, 32: 445–460.Google Scholar
  63. Worede, M. and Mekbib, H. 1993. Linking genetic resource conservation to farmers in Ethiopia. In: Cultivating knowledge, Genetic Diversity, Farmer Experimentation and Crop Research. (Eds. de Boef, W., Amanor, K. and Wellard, K.). Intermediate Technology Publications, London: 78–84.Google Scholar
  64. Yadav, S.S., Phogat, D.S., Solanki, I.S. and Malik, B.P.S. 2002. Impact of different environments on genetic variation in lentil. Indian Journal of Pulses Research, 15 (2): 181–182.Google Scholar
  65. Yadav, S.S., Phogat, D.S., Solanki, I.S. and Tomer, Y.S. 2005. Character association and path coefficient analysis under two environments in lentil. Indian Journal of Pulses Research, 18 (2): 147–149.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant BreedingChaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural UniversityHisar 125004India
  2. 2.Pulse Laboratory, Division of GeneticsIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew Delhi 110012India
  3. 3.A-9, Nirman ViharNew Delhi 110092India

Personalised recommendations