Walking speed and area utilization of red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) introduced to the Barents Sea coastal ecosystem

  • Terje Jørgensen
  • Svein Løkkeborg
  • Anders Fernö
  • Marianne Hufthammer
Fish Telemetry
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology 195 book series (DIHY, volume 195)

Abstract

The red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) was introduced in the Barents Sea in the 1960s and soon established a viable population. Proper management and exploitation of the Barents Sea king crab stock require better understanding of the spatial dynamics at different scales. This study examines the small-scale movement patterns of seven adult male crabs tracked for a period of up to one month from mid July to mid August at 150 m depth in a semi-enclosed fjord on the Russo-Norwegian border. The crabs were tagged with acoustic transmitters and their movements monitored with an acoustic positioning system. Low walking speeds (<0.01 m s−1) were most frequent but the crabs could move at a maximum speed of 0.15 m s−1 and walk an actual distance of up to 270 m over a period of one hour. However, the crabs usually moved within a relatively restricted area with mean hourly longest rectilinear distance varying from 26 to 64 m. The crabs alternated between periods of low and high activity, which could reflect feeding in and movements between food patches. The lack of a diel activity rhythm may be due to high light levels during the polar summer night, or a chemically mediated food search strategy.

Keywords

Red king crab Telemetry Walking speed Area utilization Barents Sea 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Terje Jørgensen
    • 1
  • Svein Løkkeborg
    • 1
  • Anders Fernö
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marianne Hufthammer
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Marine ResearchBergenNorway
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  3. 3.Directorate of FisheriesBergenNorway

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