Assessment of Strength and Deformation of Coarse Grained Soils by Means of Penetration Tests and Laboratory Tests on Undisturbed Samples

  • O. Pallara
  • F. Froio
  • A. Rinolfi
  • D. Lo Presti
Conference paper
Part of the Solid Mechanics and Its Applications book series (SMIA, volume 146)


The paper summarizes the activities undertaken to retrieve large size undisturbed sample of gravel and sand by in situ freezing at Licciana Nardi (Lucca, Italy). The following laboratory tests have been performed on the retrieved sampled: grain size distribution, soil density and relative density, undrained cyclic compression loading triaxial tests under strain control, undrained monotonic compression loading cyclic tests under strain control, triaxial liquefaction tests under stress control. In situ LPT and other dynamic penetration tests have been performed at the investigation site.


Pore Pressure Triaxial Test Triaxial Compression Test Undrained Condition Undisturbed Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bozzola F. 2003. La tecnica del congelamento per il prelievo di campioni di terreno a grana grossa: vantaggi e benefici. M. Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Engineering at Vercelli, Politecnico di Torino.Google Scholar
  2. Cubrinovski M. and Ishihara K. 1999. Empirical correlation between SPT-N value and relative density for sandy soils. Soils and Foundations, No. 5, pp. 61–71.Google Scholar
  3. Fiorio S. 2003. Rigidezza di terreni a grana grossa in prove triassiali. M. Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Engineering at Vercelli, Politecnico di Torino.Google Scholar
  4. Goto S., Shamoto Y. and Tamaoki K. 1987. Dynamic properties of undisturbed gravel sample by the in situ frozen. Proc. 8th ARCSMFE. 1: 233–236.Google Scholar
  5. Goto, S., F. Tatsuoka, S. Shibuya, Y.S. Kim and Sato T. 1991. A simple gauge for local small strain measurements in the laboratory. Soils and Foundations:31(1): 169–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Goto, S., Suzuki, Y., Nishio, S. and Oh Oka, H., 1992. Mechanical Properties of Undisturbed Tone-River Gravel obtained by In-Situ Freezing Method. Soils and Foundations No. 3, pp. 15–25.Google Scholar
  7. Goto S., Nishio S. and Yoshimi Y. 1994. Dynamic properties of gravels sampled by ground freezing. ASCE GSP No. 44, Ground failures under seismic conditions, pp: 141–157.Google Scholar
  8. Hatanaka, M., Suzuki, Y., Kawasaki, T. and Endo, M. 1988. Cyclic Undrained Shear Properties of High Quality Undisturbed Tokyo Gravel. Soil and Foundations, Vol. 28,No. 4, pp. 57–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hatanaka M. and Uchida A. 1995. Effects of test methods on the cyclic deformation characteristics of high quality undisturbed gravel samples. ASCE GSP No. 56, pp. 136–151.Google Scholar
  10. Kokusho T. and Tanaka Y. 1994. Dynamic properties of gravel layers investigated by In-situ freezing sampling. ASCE GSP No. 44, Ground failures under seismic conditions, pp: 121–140.Google Scholar
  11. Jamiolkowski M. and Lo Presti D. 2003. Geotechnical Characterization of Holocene and Pleistocene Messina sand and gravel deposits. Invited Lecture International Workshop on Characterization and Engineering Properties of Natural Soils (National University of Singapore, Dec. 2002), Balkema, Vol. 2, 1087–1120.Google Scholar
  12. Jamiolkowski M., Kongsukprasert L. and Lo Presti D.C.F. 2004. Characterization of gravelly geomaterials. Proceedings of the Fifteenth Southeast Asian Geotechnical Conference, Bangkok, Keynote lecture, Vol. 2, pp. 29–56.Google Scholar
  13. Lo Presti D.C.F. 1989. Proprietà dinamiche dei terreni, XIV CGT, Politecnico di Torino, Department of Structural Engineering.Google Scholar
  14. Lo Presti D., Pallara O., Rainò M. and Maniscalco R., 1994. A Computer Controlled Triaxial Apparatus; Preliminary Results, Rivista Italiana di Geotecnica, vol. XXVIII,n. 1, pp 43–60.Google Scholar
  15. Lo Presti D., Pallara O. and Froio F. 1997. Progetto e realizzazione di una cella triassiale per materiale di grossa pezzatura. Convenzione tra Politecnico di Torino ed ENEL CRIS, Contratto No. 951/96, Volume 6.1 Relazione Finale.Google Scholar
  16. Lo Presti D., Froio F., Pallara O., Rinolfi A. and Kongsukprasert L. 2004. Caratterizzazione meccanica di terreni a grana grossa mediante prove di laboratorio su campioni indisturbati e rimaneggiati nei depositi alluvionali delle aree produttive dei Comuni della Garfagnana e Media Valle del Serchio, Lunigiana nell’ambito del programma DOCUP 2000–2006. Relazione FinaleGoogle Scholar
  17. Lo Presti D., Pallara O., Froio F., Rinolfi A., and Jamiolkowski M., 2005. Stress-strainstrength behaviour of undisturbed and reconstituted gravely soil samples, Submitted to RIG for possible publication, October 2005Google Scholar
  18. Pietrobono S. 1998. Rigidezza dei terreni granulari ricostituiti da prove in una cella triassiale di grandi dimensioni. M. Sc. Thesis, Department of Structural and Geotechnical Engineering, Politecnico di Torino.Google Scholar
  19. Pradhan B.S., Tatsuoka F. and Molenkamp F. 1986. Accuracy of automated volume change measurement by means of a differential pressure transducer, Soils and Foundation, 26(4): 150–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rinolfi A. 2005. Sul prelievo di campioni indisturbati di ghiaia mediante il congelamento. Determinazione della rigidezza, del rapporto di smorzamento e della resistenza ciclica non drenata. M. Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Engineering at Vercelli, Politecnico di Torino.Google Scholar
  21. Siciliano D. 2005. Verifica di approcci empirici per la determinazione della densità relativa dei terreni a grana grossa mediante prove penetrometriche. Bachelor Thesis, Faculty of Engineering at Vercelli, Politecnico di Torino.Google Scholar
  22. Tatsuoka F. 1988. Some recent developments in triaxial testing systems for cohesionless soils. ASTM STP 977, Advanced Triaxial Testing of Soil and Rock. pp: 7–67.Google Scholar
  23. Yasuda N., Otha N. and Nakamura A. 1994. Deformation Characteristics of Undisturbed Riverbed Gravel by In-Situ Freezin Sampling Method. Proc. 1st Int. Sympopsium on Pre-Failure Deformation of Geomaterials. Sapporo 1994. Balkema, 1:41–46.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Pallara
    • 1
  • F. Froio
    • 1
  • A. Rinolfi
    • 1
  • D. Lo Presti
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Structural and Geotechnical EngineeringPolitecnico di TorinoTorinoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of PisaPisaItaly

Personalised recommendations