Diatoms

Living in a Constructal Environment
  • Frithjof A. S. Sterrenburg
  • Richard Gordon
  • Mary Ann Tiffany
  • Stephen S. Nagy
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 11)

Diatoms (Bacillariophyta) are diploid eukaryotic unicellular algae with a wide range of regular and decorative shapes (Plate 1) that are now placed in the Heterokontophytes by botanists or the Stramenopiles by zoologists (Medlin et al., 1997). Using oxygenated carotenoids as light-harvesting pigments, they are generally photo-autotrophic, although there are N-heterotrophic species. Diatoms occur in very large populations in both freshwater and marine environments, in all climatic zones. They have been a very successful group from an early moment in their history. While claims of observations in Permian or even in Carboniferous deposits (Zanon, 1930) were spurious, the group’s origin is generally placed in the Jurassic, as in Round et al. (1990). The oldest fossil records are of marine species – some hardly different from modern ones, others without surviving relatives – and in deposits from the Cretaceous both species diversity and number of specimens can already be impressive (Harwood and Nikolaev, 1995).

Keywords

Dust Siliceous Foam Mold Fluoride 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frithjof A. S. Sterrenburg
    • 1
  • Richard Gordon
    • 2
  • Mary Ann Tiffany
    • 3
  • Stephen S. Nagy
    • 4
  1. 1.The Netherlands
  2. 2.University of ManitobaCanada
  3. 3.Center for Inland WatersSan Diego State UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  4. 4.HelenaUSA

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