Aeroterrestrial Algae Growing on Man-Made Surfaces

What are the Secrets of their Ecological Success?
  • Ulf Karsten
  • Rhena Schumann
  • Anika Mostaert
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 11)

Aeroterrestrial phototrophic microorganisms typically form conspicuous biofilms in all climatic zones at the interface between any type of solid substratum and the atmosphere. In temperate regions such as North-Western Europe, eukaryotic green microalgae (Chlorophyta) are the most abundant aeroterrestrial organisms (see also Rindi, this volume), whereas cyanobacteria dominate warm-temperate to tropical regions (Ortega-Calvo et al., 1995; Tomaselli et al., 2000). Aeroterrestrial green microalgae grow epiphytically and epilithically on natural surfaces such as tree bark, soil and rock, and are known to be the photobionts of lichens (Ettl and Gärtner, 1995). These organisms also occur in urban areas on anthropogenic surfaces such as roof tiles, concrete, building facades and other artificial surfaces where they cause aesthetically unacceptable discolouration known as patinas and incrustations (Gaylarde and Morton, 1999; Tomaselli et al., 2000).

Keywords

Phosphorus Chlorophyll Europe Ozone Phytoplankton 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulf Karsten
    • 1
  • Rhena Schumann
    • 1
  • Anika Mostaert
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Biological Sciences, Applied EcologyUniversity of RostockGermany
  2. 2.Centre for Research on Adaptive Nanodevices and NanostructuresTrinity CollegeIreland

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