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The Thermophilic Cyanobacteria of the Zerka Ma'in Thermal Springs in Jordan

  • Danny Ionescu
  • Aharon Oren
  • Muna Y. Hindiyeh
  • Hanan I. Malkawi
Part of the Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology book series (COLE, volume 11)

Specialized macro- and microorganisms inhabit the springs, each adapted to its habitat, and the cyanobacteria form a prominent part of these biota. Hot springs worldwide are inhabited by dense communities of cyanobacteria adapted to life at high temperatures. The most thermophilic microorganisms known thrive at temperatures above 110º C (Blöchl et al., 1997; Kashefi and Lovley, 2003). However, a temperature around 74º C appears to be the upper limit for photosynthesis (Castenholz, 1969; Brock, 1978). The cyanobacteria most tolerant to high temperatures are unicellular forms (Thermosynechococcus), which thrive in North America (e.g., the hot springs of Yellowstone), Japan and the eastern Mediterranean (Castenholz, 1969) but filamentous cyanobacteria also abound in hot springs worldwide (Copeland, 1936; Castenholz, 1969, 1984, 1996; Brock, 1978).

Keywords

Enrichment Culture Thermal Spring Filamentous Cyanobacterium Synechococcus Elon Gatus nifH Sequence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danny Ionescu
    • 1
  • Aharon Oren
    • 1
  • Muna Y. Hindiyeh
    • 2
  • Hanan I. Malkawi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Plant and Environmental SciencesThe Hebrew University of JerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Environmental SciencesJordan University of Science & TechnologyJordan
  3. 3.Department of Biological SciencesYarmouk UniversityJordan

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