Growth and life history traits of introduced pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus) in Europe, and the relevance to its potential invasiveness
The North American centrarchid, pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus), is a good example of how the life history traits and biogeographical patterns of growth can vary in populations of introduced species, facilitating the establishment of new populations in novel environments. Introduced into Europe from North America in the late 19th century (Maes 1898), the pumpkinseed is now established in at least 28 countries of Europe and Asia Minor (Fig. 1). Scientific interest in the species in Europe began early (e.g. Künstler 1908, Roule 1931), but studies of the species (i.e. papers with either the Latin or common names, pumpkinseed, or sunfish, in the title) only really began in the mid-20th century (Fig. 2).
KeywordsMigration Europe Cadmium Fishing Romania
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