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Spatial GHG Inventory: Analysis of Uncertainty Sources. A Case Study for Ukraine

Chapter

Abstract

A geoinformation technology for creating spatially distributed greenhouse gas inventories based on a methodology provided by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and special software linking input data, inventory models, and a means for visualization are proposed. This technology opens up new possibilities for qualitative and quantitative spatially distributed presentations of inventory uncertainty at the regional level. Problems concerning uncertainty and verification of the distributed inventory are discussed. A Monte Carlo analysis of uncertainties in the energy sector at the regional level is performed, and a number of simulations concerning the effectiveness of uncertainty reduction in some regions are carried out. Uncertainties in activity data have a considerable influence on overall inventory uncertainty, for example, the inventory uncertainty in the energy sector declines from 3.2 to 2.0% when the uncertainty of energy-related statistical data on fuels combusted in the energy industries declines from 10 to 5%. Within the energy sector, the ‘energy industries’ subsector has the greatest impact on inventory uncertainty. The relative uncertainty in the energy sector inventory can be reduced from 2.19 to 1.47% if the uncertainty of specific statistical data on fuel consumption decreases from 10 to 5%. The ‘energy industries’ subsector has the greatest influence in the Donetsk oblast. Reducing the uncertainty of statistical data on electricity generation in just three regions — the Donetsk, Dnipropetrovsk, and Luhansk oblasts — from 7.5 to 4.0% results in a decline from 2.6 to 1.6% in the uncertainty in the national energy sector inventory.

Keywords

energy sector geoinformation system greenhouse gas greenhouse gas inventory multilevel model spatial analysis uncertainty 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National University ‘Lviv Polytechnics’LvivUkraine
  2. 2.International Institute for Applied Systems AnalysisLaxenburgAustria
  3. 3.State Scientific and Research Institute of Information InfrastructureNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineLvivUkraine

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