Accounting for Climate Change: Introduction



The assessment of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted to and removed from the atmosphere is high on both political and scientific agendas internationally. As increasing international concern and cooperation aim at policy-oriented solutions to the climate change problem, several issues have begun to arise regarding verification and compliance under both proposed and legislated schemes meant to reduce the human-induced global climate impact. The approaches to addressing uncertainty introduced in this article attempt to improve national inventories or to provide a basis for the standardization of inventory estimates to enable comparison of emissions and emission changes across countries. Authors of the accompanying articles use detailed uncertainty analyses to enforce the current structure of the emission trading system and attempt to internalize high levels of uncertainty by tailoring the emissions trading market rules. Assessment of uncertainty can help improve inventories and manage risk. Through recognizing the importance of, identifying and quantifying uncertainties, great strides can be made in the process of Accounting for Climate Change.


Uncertainty analysis Greenhouse gas inventories Kyoto protocol Emissions trading Verification and compliance 


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  1. 1.
    J. Penman, D. Kruger, I. Galbally, T. Hiraishi, B. Nyenzi, S. Emmanuel, L. Buendia, R. Hoppaus, T. Martinsen, J. Meijer, K. Miwa and K. Tanabe (eds.) (2000). Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Hayama, Kanagawa, Japan, p. 6.5. Available at: Scholar

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© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICF InternationalWashington, DCUSA
  2. 2.Forestry ProgramInternational Institute for Applied Systems AnalysisLaxenburgAustria
  3. 3.Systems ResearchAustrian Research Centers - ARCViennaAustria
  4. 4.Systems Research InstitutePolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland

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