Advertisement

Drought Management Decision Support System by Means of Risk Analysis Models

  • J. Andreu
  • M. A. PÉrez
  • J. Ferrer
  • A. Villalobos
  • J. Paredes
Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 62)

Abstract

Droughts in arid and semiarid Mediterranean river basins have an increasing socioeconomic and environmental impact. The problem is especially complex in basins where droughts are very frequent and intense and where water resources are under a massive use. For that reason in the Mediterranean basins it is necessary to manage the water resources in constant alert in order to relieve the consequences of a drought. In this chapter a complete methodology for the mitigation of the droughts is defined. The methodology includes different tools: from the definition of an alert system for the different types of drought up to the simulation and optimization software for water system management. This methodology has been applied to the different hydrographic basins included in the Confederaciòn Hidrogràfica del Jùcar (CHJ, the local water agency) and it has been currently used during the extreme drought occurred in the Jùcar river basin since the hydrological years 2004/05. This chapter shows how the proposed methodology is able to forecast the occurrence of a drought and to realize a water resources management focused on the mitigation of the economic, social and environmental effects of water shortage

Keywords

Drought water resources management drought mitigation simulation model 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Andreu, J. Capilla, J. and Ferrer, J. (1992) Modelo Simges de simulaciòn de la gestiòn de recursos hìdricos, incluyendo utilizaciòn conjunta. Manual del usuario. SPUPV-92.1097, ISBN 84-7721-169-8.Google Scholar
  2. Andreu, J. Capilla, J. and Sanchis, E. (1996) AQUATOOL, A Generalized Decision-Support System for Water-Resources Planning and Operational Management. J. Hydrology. 177:269–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. CHJ (2004) Jucar Pilot River Basin, Provisional Article 5 Report Pursuant to the Water Framework Directive. Confederaciòn Hidrogràfica del Jùcar, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente.Google Scholar
  4. McKee, T. B., N. J. Doesken, and J. Kleist, (1993) The relationship of drought frequency and duration to time scales. Preprints, 8th Conference on Applied Climatology, 17–22 January, Anaheim, California, American Meteorological Society, 179–184Google Scholar
  5. Doesken, N. J. McKee, T. B. and Kleist, J. (1993) The relationship of %drought frequency and duration to time scales. 8th Conference on Applied Climatology, Anaheim, CA, pp.179–184.Google Scholar
  6. OPH (2002) Consultarìa y asistencia para el estudio de utilizaciòn conjunta de los recursos hìdricos superficiales y subterràneos de las cuencas media y baja de los rìos Jùcar y Turia. Oficina de Planificaciòn Hidrològica, Confederaciòn Hidrogràfica del Jùcar.Google Scholar
  7. Palmer, W. C. (1965) Meteorological Drought. Research Paper 45, U.S. Department of Commerce Weather Bureau, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  8. Pèrez, M. A. (2005) Modelo distribuido de simulaciòn del ciclo hidrològico y calidad del agua, integrado en sistemas de informaciòn geogràfica, para grandes cuencas. Aportaciòn al anàlisis de presiones e impactos de la Directiva Marco del Agua.Google Scholar
  9. Sànchez, S. T., Andreu, J. and Solera, A. (2001) Gestiòn de Recursos Hìdricos con Decisiones Basadas en Estimaciòn del Riesgo. Ed.: Universidad Politècnica de Valencia. I.S.B.N.84-9705-037-1.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Andreu
    • 1
  • M. A. PÉrez
    • 2
  • J. Ferrer
    • 1
  • A. Villalobos
    • 2
  • J. Paredes
    • 2
  1. 1.Jùcar Basin agencyEnvironmental MinistryValencia
  2. 2.Polytecnic University of Valencia

Personalised recommendations