Sulfur in the marine environment

  • Jacqueline Stefels
Part of the Plant Ecophysiology book series (KLEC, volume 6)


Glycine Betaine Dimethyl Sulfide Methane Sulfonic Acid DMSP Concentration Phaeocystis Globosa 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Andreae MO (1990) Ocean-atmosphere interactions in the global biogeochemical sulfur cycle. Mar Chem 30: 1-29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bates TS, Charlson RJ, Gammon RH (1987) Evidence for the climatic role of marine biogenic sulphur. Nature 329: 319-321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bates TS, Lamb BK, Guenther A, Dignon J, Stoiber RE (1992) Sulfur emissions to the atmosphere from natural sources. J Atmos Chem 14: 315-337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bentley R, Chasteen TG (2004) Environmental VOSCs - formation and degradation of dimethyl sulfide, methanethiol and related materials. Chemosphere 55: 291-317CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Blunden G, Smith BE, Irons MW, Yang M, Roch OG, Patel AV (1992) Betaines and tertiary sulphonium compounds from 62 species of marine algae. Biochem Syst Ecol 20: 373-388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bopp L, Aumont O, Belviso S, Monfray P (2003) Potential impact of climate change on marine dimethyl sulfide emissions. Tellus Series B-Chem Phys Meteorol 55: 11-22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bopp L, Boucher O, Aumont O, Belviso S, Dufresne JL, Pham M, Monfray P (2004) Will marine dimethylsulfide emissions amplify or alleviate global warming? A model study. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 61: 826-835CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brunold C (1993) Regulatory interactions between sulfate and nitrate assimilation. In: De Kok LJ, Stulen I, Rennenberg H, Brunold C, Rauser WE (eds), Sulfur Nutrition and Assimilation in Higher Plants: Regulatory, Agricultural and Environmental Aspects. SPB Academic, The Hague, pp 61-75Google Scholar
  9. Bucciarelli E, Sunda WG (2003) Influence of CO2, nitrate, phosphate, and silicate limitation on intracellular dimethylsulfoniopropionate in batch cultures of the coastal diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana. Limnol Oceanogr 48: 2256-2265Google Scholar
  10. Cantoni GL, Anderson DG (1956) Enzymatic cleavage of dimethylpropiothetin by Polysiphonia lanosa. J Biol Chem 222: 171-177PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Challenger F (1951) Biological methylation. Adv Enzymol 12: 429-491Google Scholar
  12. Charlson RJ, Lovelock JE, Andreae MO, Warren SG (1987) Oceanic phytoplankton, atmospheric sulphur, cloud albedo and climate. Nature 326: 655-661CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gage DA, Rhodes D, Nolte KD, Hicks WA, Leustek T, Cooper AJL, Hanson AD (1997) A new route for synthesis of dimethylsulphoniopropionate in marine algae. Nature 387: 891-894CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Giovanelli J (1987) Sulfur amino acids of plants: an overview. Meth Enzymol 143: 419-426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Giovanelli J (1990) Regulatory aspects of cysteine and methionine biosynthesis. In: Rennenberg H, Brunold C, de KoK LJ, Stulen I (eds), Sulfur Nutrition and Sulfur Assimilation in Higher Plants: Fundamental Environmental and Agricultural Aspects. SPB Academic, The Hague, pp 33-48Google Scholar
  16. Gondwe M, Krol M, Gieskes W, Klaassen W, de Baar H (2003) The contribution of ocean-leaving DMS to the global atmospheric burdens of DMS, MSA, SO2, and NSS SO4= . Global Biogeochem Cycles 17: Article no 1056Google Scholar
  17. Haas P (1935) The liberation of methyl sulphide by seaweed. Biochem J 29: 1297-1299PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Hanson AD, Gage DA (1996) 3-Dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis and the use by flowering plants. In: Kiene RP, Visscher PT, Keller MD, Kirst GO (eds), Biological and Environmental Chemistry of DMSP and Related Sulfonium Compounds. Plenum Press, New York, pp 75-86Google Scholar
  19. Hanson AD, Rivoal J, Paquet L, Gage DA (1994) Biosynthesis of 3-dimethylsulfoniopropionate in Wollastonia biflora (L) DC. Plant Physiol 105: 103-110CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. James F, Paquet L, Sparace SA, Gage DA, Hanson AD (1995) Evidence implicating dimethylsulfoniopropionaldehyde as an intermediate in dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis. Plant Physiol 108: 1439-1448CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Keller MD, Bellows WK, Guillard RRL (1989) Dimethyl sulfide production in marine phytoplankton. In: Saltzman ES, Cooper WJ (eds), Biogenic Sulfur in the Environment. American Chemical Society, Washington DC, pp 167-182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Keller MD, Kiene RP, Matrai PA, Bellows WK (1999) Production of glycine betaine and dimethylsulfoniopropionate in marine phytoplankton. I. Batch cultures. Mar Biol 135: 237-248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kettle AJ, Andreae MO (2000) Flux of dimethylsulfide from the oceans: a comparison of updated data seas and flux models. J Geophys Res-Atmos 105: 26793-26808CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kettle AJ, Andreae MO, Amouroux D, Andreae TW, Bates TS, Berresheim H, Bingemer H, Boniforti R, Curran MAJ, DiTullio GR, Helas G, Jones GB, Keller MD, Kiene RP, Leck C, Levasseur M, Malin G, Maspero M, Matrai P, McTaggart AR, Mihalopoulos N, Nguyen BC, Novo A, Putaud JP, Rapsomanikis S, Roberts G, Schebeske G, Sharma S, Simo R, Staubes R, Turner S, Uher G (1999) A global database of sea surface dimethylsulfide (DMS) measurements and a procedure to predict sea surface DMS as a function of latitude, longitude, and month. Global Biogeochem Cycles 13: 399-444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kiene RP, Linn LJ, Bruton JA (2000) New and important roles for DMSP in marine microbial communities. J Sea Res 43: 209-224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kirst GO (1996) Osmotic adjustment in phytoplankton and macroalgae: the use of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP). In: Kiene RP, Visscher PT, Keller MD, Kirst GO (eds), Biological and Environmental Chemistry of DMSP and Related Sulfonium Compounds. Plenum Press, New York, pp 121-129Google Scholar
  27. Kirst GO, Thiel C, Wolff H, Nothnagel J, Wanzek M, Ulmke R (1991) Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) in ice-algae and its possible biological role. Mar Chem 35: 381-388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kocsis MG, Hanson AD (2000) Biochemical evidence for two novel enzymes in the biosynthesis of 3-methylsulfonioprpionate in Spartina aterniflora. Plant Physiol 123: 1153-1161CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Kocsis MG, Nolte KD, Rhodes D, Shen T-L, Gage DA, Hanson AD (1998) Dimethylsufoniopropionate biosynthesis in Spartina alterniflora. Evidence that S-methylmethionine and dimethylsulfoniopropylamine are intermediates. Plant Physiol 117: 273-281CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Matrai PA, Keller MD (1994) Total organic sulfur and dimethylsulfonio-propionate in marine phytoplankton - Intracellular variations. Mar Biol 119: 61-68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nishiguchi MK, Somero GN (1992) Temperature - and concentration-dependence of compatibility of the organic osmolyte ß-dimethylsulfoniopropionate. Cryobiol 29: 118-124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Reed RH (1983) Measurement and osmotic significance of ß-dimethylsulfoniopropionate in marine macroalgae. Mar Biol Lett 4: 173-178Google Scholar
  33. Spiro PA, Jacob DJ, Logan JA (1992) Global inventory of sulfur emissions with 1°x1° resolution. J Geophys Res 97: 6023-6036Google Scholar
  34. Stefels J (2000) Physiological aspects of the production and conversion of DMSP in marine algae and higher plants. J Sea Res 43: 183-197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Stefels J, Steinke M, Turner S, Malin G, Belviso S (2007) Environmental constraints on the production and removal of the climatically active gas 90 J. Stefels dimethylsulphide (DMS) and implications for ecosystem modelling. Biogeochem (in press)Google Scholar
  36. Strom S, Wolfe G, Slajer A, Lambert S, Clough J (2003) Chemical defense in the microplankton II: inhibition of protist feeding by ß-dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP). Limnol Oceanogr 48: 230-237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Summers PS, Nolte KD, Cooper AJL, Borgeas H, Leustek T, Rhodes D, Hanson AD (1998) Identification and stereospecificity of the first three enzymes of 3-dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis in a chlorophyte alga. Plant Physiol 116: 369-378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sunda W, Kieber DJ, Kiene RP, Huntsman S (2002) An antioxidant function for DMSP and DMS in marine algae. Nature 418: 317-320CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Trossat C, Nolte KD, Hanson AD (1996) Evidence that the pathway of dimethylsulfoniopropionate biosynthesis begins in the cytosol and ends in the chloroplast. Plant Physiol 111: 965-973PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Watts ST (2000) The mass budgets of carbonyl sulfide, dimethyl sulfide, carbon disulfide and hydrogen sulfide. Atmos Environ 34: 761-779CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacqueline Stefels
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Plant PhysiologyUniversity of GroningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations