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Critical Loads and Dynamic Modelling to Assess European Areas at Risk of Acidification and Eutrophication

  • J. P. Hettelingh
  • M. Posch
  • J. Slootweg
  • G. J. Reinds
  • T. Spranger
  • L. Tarrason

European critical loads and novel dynamic modelling data have been compiled under the LRTAP Convention by the Coordination Centre for Effects. In 2000 9.8% of the pan-European and 20.8% of the EU25 ecosystem area were at risk of acidification. For eutrophication (nutrient N) the areas at risk were 30.1 and 71.2%, respectively. Dynamic modelling results reveal that 95% of the area at risk of acidification could recover by 2030 provided acid deposition is reduced according to present legislation. Insight into the timing of effects of exceedances of critical loads for nutrient N necessitates the further development of dynamic models.

Keywords

acid deposition critical loads dynamic modelling exceedances LRTAP Convention 

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. Hettelingh
    • 1
  • M. Posch
    • 1
  • J. Slootweg
    • 1
  • G. J. Reinds
    • 2
  • T. Spranger
    • 3
  • L. Tarrason
    • 4
  1. 1.Coordination Centre for Effects, NetherlandsEnvironmental Assessment Agency (MNP)AH BilthovenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Alterra, Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR)AA WageningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Umweltbundesamt (UBA)DessauGermany
  4. 4.EMEP/MSC-WNorwegian Meteorological InstituteBlindernNorway

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