Advertisement

Effects of Acid Rain on Competitive Releases of Cd, Cu, and Zn from Two Natural Soils and Two Contaminated Soils in Hunan, China

  • Bohan Liao
  • Zhaohui Guo
  • Qingru Zeng
  • Anne Probst
  • Jean-Luc Probst

Leaching experiments of rebuilt soil columns with two simulated acid rain solutions (pH 4.6–3.8) were conducted for two natural soils and two artificial contaminated soils from Hunan, southcentral China, to study effects of acid rain on competitive releases of soil Cd, Cu, and Zn. Distilled water was used in comparison. The results showed that the total releases were Zn>Cu>Cd for the natural soils and Cd>Zn»Cu for the contaminated soils, which reflected sensitivity of these metals to acid rain. Leached with different acid rain, about 26–76% of external Cd and 11–68% external Zn were released, but more than 99% of external Cu was adsorbed by the soils, and therefore Cu had a different sorption and desorption pattern from Cd and Zn. Metal releases were obviously correlated with releases of TOC in the leachates, which could be described as an exponential equation. Compared with the natural soils, acid rain not only led to changes in total metal contents, but also in metal fraction distributions in the contaminated soils. More acidified soils had a lower sorption capacity to metals, mostly related to soil properties such as pH, organic matter, soil particles, adsorbed SO4 2−, exchangeable Al3+ and H+, and contents of Fe2O3 and Al2O3.

Keywords

acid rain soil leaching experiment sequential extraction Cu Cd Zn China 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alumaa, P., Kirso, U., Petersell, V., & Steinnes, E. (2002). Sorption of toxic heavy metals to soil. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 204(5-6), 375-376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chao, T. T. (1972). Selective dissolution of manganese oxides from soils and sediments with acidified hydroxylmine hydrochloride. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc., 36, 764-768.Google Scholar
  3. Fan, B. T. (1991). Environmental chemistry (pp. 388-390). Hangzhou: Zhejiang University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Gong, C., & Donahoe, R. J. (1997). An experimental study of heavy metal attenuation and mobility in sandy loam soils. Applied Geochemistry, 12(3), 243-254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hernandez, L., Probst, A., Probst, J. L., & Ulrich, E. (2003). Heavy metals distribution in some French forest soils: Evidence for atmospheric contamination. Science of the Total Environment, 312, 195-219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Leleyter, L., & Probst, J. L. (1999). A new sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulate trace elements in river sediments. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 73(2), 109-128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Licskó, L. L., & Szebényi, G. (1999). Tailings as a source of environmental pollution. Water Science and Technology, 39 (10-11), 333-336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Liu, H., Probst, A., & Liao, B. (2005). Metal contamination in soils and crops affected by the Chenzhou lead/zinc mine spill (Hunan, China). Science of the Total Environment, 339 (1-3), 153-166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lu, R. K. (1999). Analytical methods for soil agricultural chemistry (in Chinese) (pp.24-26, pp.107-108, pp.206-213). Beijing: China Agricultural Science and Technology Press.Google Scholar
  10. Martínez, C. E., & Motto, H. L. (2000). Solubility of lead, zinc and copper added to mineral soils. Environmental Pollution, 107(1), 153-158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Phillips, I. R. (1999). Copper, lead, cadmium, and zinc sorption by waterlogged and air-dry soil. Journal of Soil Contamination, 8(3), 343-364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Shuman, L. M. (1982). Division S-9-Soil Mineralogy: Separating soil iron- and manganese-oxide fractions for microelement analysis. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc., 46, 1099-1102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Strobel, B. W., Hansen, H. C. B., Borggaard, O. K., Andersen, M. K., & Raulund-Rasmussen, K. (2001). Cadmium and copper release kinetics in relation to afforestation of cultivated soil. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 65(8), 1233-1242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Tessier, A., Campbell, P. G., & Blasson, M. (1979). Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulate trace metals. Analytical Chemistry, 51, 844-851.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Tipping, E., Rieuwerts, J., Pan, G., Ashmore, M. R., Lofts, S., Hill, M. T. R., et al. (2003). The solid-solution partitioning of heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb) in upland soils of England and Wales. Environmental Pollution, 125 (2), 213-225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Wang, H. X. (2000). Pollution Ecology (in Chinese) (pp. 44-45). Beijing: Higher Education Press.Google Scholar
  17. Wilcke, W., & Kaupenjohann, M. (1998). Heavy metal distribution between soil aggregate core and surface fractions along gradients of deposition from the atmo-sphere. Geoderma, 83(1-2), 55-66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Wong, S. C., Li, X. D., Zhang, G., Qi, S. H., & Min, Y. S. (2002). Heavy metals in agricultural soils of the Pearl River Delta, South China. Environmental Pollution, 119(1), 33-44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Wu, F., Wu, J., & Wang, X. (2000). The pollution characteristics of acid rain in Hunan Province. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae (in Chinese), 20(6), 807-809.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bohan Liao
    • 1
  • Zhaohui Guo
    • 2
  • Qingru Zeng
    • 3
  • Anne Probst
    • 4
  • Jean-Luc Probst
    • 4
  1. 1.International College, Central South University of Forestry and TechnologyChangshaChina
  2. 2.Department of Environmental EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  3. 3.College of Resources and EnvironmentHunan Agricultural UniversityChangshaChina
  4. 4.ECOLABCNRS-INPT-Université Paul Sabatier, UMR 5245, CNRS/UPS/INPT/ENSATCastanet TolosanFrance

Personalised recommendations