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Basic questions concerning the statement of hydrothermodynamic problem of the system sea-land-atmosphere, which should become the basis for studying of geophysical and ecological processes in the natural environment of the Black Sea region, are considered. The basis of a coupled regional model is full systems of the ocean and atmosphere hydro-thermodynamic equations, equations of molecular heat conductivity in the soil active layer and heat balance of the underlying surface (water, land). The model consists of separate blocks, each of them represents mathematical model describing hydro-thermodynamic processes in separate objects of the environment. Statements of ecological problems, connected to distribution of polluting substances from known sources and definition of a probable location of a source in water medium on known pollution concentrations in the upper layers, are discussed.


Active Layer Conjugate Problem Pollution Source Location Soil Active Layer Molecular Heat Conductivity 
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© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

    • 1
  1. 1.M. Nodia Institute of Geophysics, Georgian Academy of SciencesTbilisi

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