Catholic Schools in Peru: Elites, the Poor, and the Challenge Of Neoliberalism

  • Jeffrey Klaiber (SJ)
Part of the International Handbooks of Religion and Education book series (IHRE, volume 2)

Located in the heart of the Andes, Peru, with over 28 million inhabitants in 2006, is characterized by sharp geographical contrasts and a wide variety of cultures and languages. Almost twice the size of Texas, Peru has three clearly distinguishable regions: the Andes mountain range, the Amazon jungle, and the coast. The Andes build up from the coast and slope down into the Amazon jungle in the east. In the south, they stretch out and turn into a large fl at altiplano that covers most of southeastern Peru and borders on Bolivia. Lake Titicaca is shared by both countries. Most of the Andean inhabitants speak Quechua, the lingua franca of the Inca empire. The other major Indian language of Peru is Aymara, spoken in the southern Altiplano and in Bolivia. The coast is a thin line running from Ecuador to Chile in the south. A largely barren desert, it is irrigated by rivers and streams that come down from the mountains. The coastal cities are largely white and mestizo. The capital, Lima, is a sprawling metropolis with over 7 million inhabitants. It has grown dramatically since World War II when it had around 600,000 inhabitants. The Amazon region comprises 61% of Peru’s territory. It is home for a million and a half inhabitants who include colonizers from the coast and numerous native tribes which speak 12 different languages, unrelated to either Quechua or Aymara.


Private School Educational Reform State School Catholic School Religious School 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Cardó Franco, A. La Iglesia y la educación en el Perú. Arequipa, Peru: Universidad de San Pablo, n.d.Google Scholar
  2. Cardó Franco, A. (1998). La Iglesia y la educación peruana en el siglo XX. Revista Peruana de Historia Eclesiástica 6, 227–260.Google Scholar
  3. Comisión de la Verdad y Reconciliación (2003). Informe final (9 vols.). Lima, Peru.Google Scholar
  4. Consejo Nacional de Educación (2005). Hacia un proyecto educativo nacional. Lima, Peru: Ministry of Education.Google Scholar
  5. Consorcio de Centro Educativos Católicos del Perú (1996). Lineamientos y propuestas para el proyecto educativo católico. Lima, Peru.Google Scholar
  6. Klaiber, J. (1992). The Catholic Church in Peru, 1821–1985: A Social History. Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America Press.Google Scholar
  7. Ministry of Education (2005). Plan nacional de educación para todos, 2005–2015. Lima, Peru: Ministry of Education.Google Scholar
  8. Ministry of Education (1977). Reglamentos de centros educativos parroquiales. Lima, Peru.Google Scholar
  9. Mendoza, J. (1956). Nuevo potencial para la educación peruana. Lima, Peru.Google Scholar
  10. Oficina Nacional de Educación Católica (ONDEC) (1971). Centros educacionales dirigidos por religiosos: estudio de su distribución por diócesis.Google Scholar
  11. Palomino, E. (1997). Política educativa peruana: historia, teoría, análisis, propuestas. Lima, Peru: Servicios Educativos Católicos and Consorcio de Centros Educativos Católicos.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey Klaiber (SJ)
    • 1
  1. 1.Pontifical Catholic University of PeruLima

Personalised recommendations