THE ROLE OF STRATEGIC AND NATIONAL PLANNING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF WATER MANAGEMENT
It is difficult to overstate the significance ofwater management to the economic development of Turkmenistan, particularly in the case of irrigated agriculture, given the location of the country and its arid climate, where the hot drought season lasts between 3 and 5 months of the year, and where evaporation exceeds the amount of natural precipitation by 8–10 times. Because of this, a distinctive attitude towardswater has been formed during theTurkmen nation’s centuries-long history—That of solicitude, frugal water use, protection of the purity of water sources, and equitable water distribution between users. The Mirab—the local water manager—was historically chosen on the basis of democratic elections among fair and honest people, and that is why an opinion expressed by himwas perceived as the Law, andwas subject to implicit obedience.
KeywordsPhenol Depression Petroleum Gravel Turkmenistan
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