The Pell Program at Thirty Years

  • Bradley R. Curs
  • Larry D. Singell
  • Glen R. Waddell
Part of the Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research book series (HATR, volume 22)


College Enrollment College Outcome Pell Grant Tuition Increase Needy Student 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abraham, K. G., & Clark, M. A. (2003). Financial aid and students’ college decisions: evidence from the District of Columbia’s tuition assistance grant program. NBER Working Paper #10112. Cambridge, MA: NBER.Google Scholar
  2. Acosta, R. J. (2001). How do colleges respond to changes in federal student aid? Los Angeles: University of California, Department of Economics Working Paper #808. Los Angeles: University of California.Google Scholar
  3. Angrist, J. (1991). Grouped-data estimation and testing in sample labor-supply model. Journal of Econometrics, 47, 243–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Angrist, J. (1993). The effect of veterans benefits on education and earnings. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 46(4), 637–652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Becker, W. E. (2004). Omitted variables and sample selection in studies of college-going decisions. In C. Teddlie & E. A. Kemper (Series Eds.) & E. P. St. John, (Vol. Ed.), Readings on equal education: Vol. 19, Public policy and college access: Investigating the federal and state roles in equalizing postsecondary opportunity pp. 65–86. New York: AMS Press.Google Scholar
  6. Bennett, W. (1987, February 18). Our greedy colleges. The New York Times, p. A31.Google Scholar
  7. Bettinger, E. (2004). How financial aid affects persistence. NBER Working Paper #10242. Cambridge, MA: NBER.Google Scholar
  8. Blakemore, A. E., & Low, S. (1983). Scholarship policy and race-sex differences in the demand for higher education. Economic Inquiry, 21(4), 504–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bound, J., & Turner, S. (2002). Going to war and going to college: Did World War II and the GI Bill increase educational attainment for returning veterans? Journal of Labor Economics, 20, 784–815.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Braunstein, A., McGrath, M., & Pescatrice, D. (2001). Measuring the impact of financial factors on college persistence. Journal of College Student Retention, 2(3), 191–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Campbell, R., & Siegel, B. N. (1967). The demand for higher education in the United States 1919–1964. American Economic Review, 57(3), 482–494.Google Scholar
  12. Card, D., & Lemieux, T. (2001). Education, earnings, and the Canadian GI Bill. The Canadian Journal of Economics, 34(2), 313–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Carroll, D. (1987). The effects of grants on college persistence. OERI Bulletin, Center for Education Statistics, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  14. Coates, D., & Humphreys, B. R. (2002). The supply of university enrollments: University administrators as utility maximizing bureaucrats. Public Choice, 110, 365–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Congressional Research Service Report. (2004) Federal Pell Grant Program of the Higher Education Act: Background and reauthorization. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.Google Scholar
  16. Cornwell, C., Mustard, D. B., & Sridhar, D. J. (2006). The enrollment effects of merit-based financial aid: Evidence from Georgia’s HOPE scholarship. Journal of Labor Economics, 24, 761–786.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Curs, B. R., & Singell, L. D., Jr. (2002). An analysis of the application process and enrollment demand for instate and out-of-state students at a large public university. Economics of Education Review, 21, 111–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Curs, B. R., Singell, L. D., Jr., & Waddell, G. (2006). Money for nothing? The institutional impact of changes in federal financial aid policy. Manuscript submitted for publication. University of Oregon, Eugene.Google Scholar
  19. DesJardins, S. L., Ahlburg, D. A., & McCall, B. P. (1999). An event history model of student departure. Economics of Education Review, 18, 375–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. DesJardins, S. L., Ahlburg, D. A., & McCall, B. P. (2002a). Simulating the longitudinal effects of changes in financial aid on student departure from college. Journal of Human Resources, 37, 653–679.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. DesJardins, S. L., Ahlburg, D. A., & McCall, B. P. (2002b). A temporal investigation of factors related to timely degree completion. Journal of Higher Education, 73(5), 555–581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Doyle, C., & Cicarelli, J. (1980). The demand for higher education: A disaggregate approach. American Economist, 24, 53–55.Google Scholar
  23. Dynarski, S. M. (2000). Hope for whom? Financial aid for the middle class and its impact on college attendance. National Tax Journal, 53(3), 629–661.Google Scholar
  24. Dynarski, S. M. (2002). Does aid matter? Measuring the effect of student aid on college attendance and completion. American Economic Review, 93(1), 279–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Dynarski, S. M. (2004). Who benefits from the education saving incentives? Income, educational expectations and the value of the 529 and Coverdell. National Tax Journal, 57(2), 359–383.Google Scholar
  26. Ehrenberg, R. G. (2000). Tuition rising: Why college costs so much. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Ehrenberg, R. G., & Sherman, D. (1984). Optimal financial aid policies for a selective university. Journal of Human Resources, 19(2), 202–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ellwood, D., & Kane, T. J. (2000). Who is getting a college education: Family background and the growing gaps in enrollment. In S. Danzinger & J. Waldfogel (Eds.), Securing the future. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  29. Gladieux, L. E., Astor, E., & Swail, W. S. (1998). Memory, reason, and imagination: A quarter century of Pell Grants. College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  30. Hansen, L. (1983). Impact of student financial aid on access. In J. Froomkin (Ed.), The crisis in higher education pp. 84–96. New York: Academy of Political Science.Google Scholar
  31. Heller, D. E. (2004). NCES research on college participation: A critical analysis. In C. Teddlie & E. A. Kemper (Series Eds.) & E. P. St. John, (Vol. Ed.), Readings on Equal Education: Vol. 19, Public policy and college access: Investigating the federal and state roles in equalizing postsecondary opportunity pp. 65–86. New York: AMS Press.Google Scholar
  32. Hill, C., & Winston, G. (2006). Access: Net prices, affordability, and equity at a highly selective college. Economics of Education Review, 25(1), 29–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hoenack, S. A., & Pierro, D. J. (1990). An econometric model of a public university’s income and enrollment. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 14, 403–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hu, S., & St. John, E. P. (2001). Student persistence in a public higher education system: Understanding racial and ethnic differences. The Journal of Higher Education, 72(3), 265–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Jackson, G. A. (1978). Financial aid and student enrollment. The Journal of Higher Education, 49(6), 548–574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Jackson, G. A. (1988). Did college choice change during the seventies? Economics of Education Review, 7(1), 15–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Jackson, G. A. (1990). Financial aid, college entry, and affirmative action. American Journal of Education, 98(4), 523–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Jackson, G. A., & Weathersby, G. B. (1975). Individual demand for higher education. Journal of Higher Education, 46(6), 623–652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Kane, T. J. (1994). College entry by Blacks since 1970: The role of college costs, family background, and the returns to education. Journal of Political Economy, 102, 878–911.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Kane, T. J. (1995). Rising public college tuition and college entry: How well do public subsidies promote access to college? NBER Working Paper #5164. Cambridge, MA: NBER.Google Scholar
  41. Kane, T. J. (2001). Assessing the U.S. financial aid system: What we know, what we need to know. Ford Policy Forum. Cambridge, MA: Forum on the Future of Higher Education.Google Scholar
  42. Kane, T. J. (2004). Evaluating the impact of the D.C. tuition assistance grant program. NBER Working Paper #10658. Cambridge, MA: NBER.Google Scholar
  43. Leslie, L. L., & Brinkman, P. T. (1987). Student price response in higher education: The student demand studies. Journal of Higher Education, 58, 181–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Li, J. (1999). Estimating the effects of federal financial aid on college tuition: A study of Pell Grants. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  45. Long, B. T. (2004). How do financial aid policies affect colleges? The institutional impact of the Georgia HOPE Scholarship. Journal of Human Resources, 39, 1045–1066.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Manski, C. F., & Wise, D. (1983). College choice in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  47. McMillen, D. P., Singell, L. D., Jr., & Waddell, G. R. (2006) Spatial competition and the price of college, Unpublished manuscript, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR.Google Scholar
  48. McPherson, M. S., & Schapiro, M. O. (1991). Does student aid affect college enrollment? New evidence on a persistent controversy. American Economic Review, 81, 309–318.Google Scholar
  49. McPherson, M. S., & Schapiro, M. O. (1997). Financing undergraduate education: Designing national policies. National Tax Journal, 50(3), 609–620.Google Scholar
  50. McPherson, M. S., & M. O. Schapiro, (1998). The student aid game. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  51. Metz, G. W. (2001). The influence of financial aid and student characteristics on degree completion rates for a cohort of two-year college students. NASFAA Journal of Student Financial Aid, 31(3), 21–33.Google Scholar
  52. Netz, J. S. (1999). Non-profits and price-fixing: The case of the ivy league. Unpublished manuscript. Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.Google Scholar
  53. Orfield, G. (1992). Money, equity and college access. Harvard Educational Review, 62, 337–372.Google Scholar
  54. Parker, F., & Summers, J. (1993). Tuition and enrollment yield at selective liberal arts colleges. Economics of Education Review, 12, 311–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Rizzo, M. J., & Ehrenberg, R. G. (2003). Resident and nonresident tuition and enrollment at flagship state universities. NBER Working Paper #9516.Google Scholar
  56. Schenet, M. A., Powner, D. A., Stedman, J. B., & Shohov, T. (2003). Pell Grants: background and issues. Nova Science Publishers. Hauppauge, New York.Google Scholar
  57. Seftor, N., & Turner, S. (2002). Back to school: Federal student aid policy and adult college enrollment. Journal of Human Resources, 37, 336–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Seneca, J. J., & Taussig, M. K. (1987). The effects of tuition and financial aid on the enrollment decision at a state university. Research in Higher Education, 26, 337–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Singell, L. D., Jr. (2002). Merit, need, and student self selection: Is there discretion in the packaging of aid at a large public university? Economics of Education Review, 21, 445–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Singell, L. D., Jr. (2004). Come and stay a while: Does financial aid effect enrollment and retention at a large public university? Economics of Education Review, 23, 459–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Singell, L. D., Jr., & Stater, M. (2006). Going, going, gone: The effects of aid policies on graduation at three large public institutions. Unpublished manuscript. University of Oregon.Google Scholar
  62. Singell, L. D., Jr., & Stone, J. A. (2002). The good, the poor, and the wealthy: Who responds most to college financial aid? Bulletin of Economic Research, 54, 393–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Singell, L. D., Jr., & Stone, J. A. (in press). For whom the Pell tolls: A test of the Bennett hypothesis. Economics of Education Review.Google Scholar
  64. Singell, L. D., Jr., Waddell, G., & Curs, B. R. (2006). Hope for the Pell: The impact of merit based scholarships on needy students. Southern Economic Journal, 73, 79–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Stanley, M. (2003). College education and the midcentury GI Bills. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(2), 671–708.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. St. John, E. P. (1990a). Price response in enrollment decisions: An analysis of the high school and beyond sophomore cohort. Research in Higher Education, 31(2), 161–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. St. John, E. P. (1990b). Price response in persistence decisions: An analysis of the high school and beyond senior cohort. Research in Higher Education, 31(4), 387–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. St. John, E. P. (2003). Refinancing the college dream: Access, equal opportunity, and justice for taxpayers. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  69. St. John, E. P., & Byce, C. (1982). The changing federal role in student financial aid. In M. Kramer (Ed.), New directions in higher education: Meeting student aid needs in a period of retrenchment (Vol. 40, pp. 21–40). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  70. St. John, E. P., & Noell, J. (y1989). The effects of student financial aid on access to higher education: An analysis of progress with special consideration of minority enrollment. Research in Higher Education, 30(6), 563–581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. St. John, E. P., & Starkey, J. B. (1995). An alternative to net price: Assessing the influence of prices and subsidies on within-year persistence. Journal of Higher Education, 66(2), 156–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Tang, T. L. P., Tang, D. S. H., & Tang, C. S. Y. (2000). Factors related to university presidents’ pay: An examination of private colleges and universities. Higher Education, 39, 393–415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Thomas, G. (1981). College characteristics and Black students’ four year college Graduation. Journal of Negro Education, 50(3), 328–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Tierney, M. L. (1982). The impact of institutional net price on student demand for public and private higher education. Economics of Education Review, 4, 363–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Turner, S. (1997). Essays on the economics of higher education (Doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan, 1997). Dissertation Abstracts International, 58–10, 4020.Google Scholar
  76. Turner, S. (1998). Does federal aid affect the price students pay for college? Evidence from the Pell Program. Unpublished manuscript. University of Virginia.Google Scholar
  77. Tewksbury, R. D., Erickson, D. J., & Taylor, J. M. (2001). Opportunities lost: The consequences of eliminating Pell Grant eligibility for correctional educational students. Violence & Abuse Abstracts, 7(1), 43–56.Google Scholar
  78. U.S. Department of Education. (2004). Fiscal year 2004 justifications of appropriation estimates to the congress, p N-19 and N-20.Google Scholar
  79. Wei, C. C., & Horn, L. (2002). Persistence and attainment of beginning students with pell grants. Education Statistics Quarterly, 4(2), 91–96.Google Scholar
  80. Wetzel, J., O’Toole, D., & Peterson, S. (1998). An analysis of student enrollment demand. Economics of Education Review, 17, 47–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Wetzel, J., O’Toole, D., & Peterson, S. (1999). Factors affecting student retention probabilities: A case study. Journal of Economics and Finance, 23(1), 45–55.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bradley R. Curs
    • 1
  • Larry D. Singell
    • 2
  • Glen R. Waddell
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Missouri-ColumbiaColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.University of OregonUSA
  3. 3.University of OregonUSA

Personalised recommendations