ASPECT KINDS

  • ROBIN STENWALL
Part of the BOSTON STUDIES IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE book series (BSPS, volume 252)

Abstract

One of the things that distinguish natural kinds from mere anthropocentric kinds is that the former have an explanatory role to play in scientific reasoning, while the latter do not. One might, as Alexander Bird puts it, “randomly collect diverse things and give the collection a name, but one would not expect it to explain anything to say that a certain object belonged to this collection”.81 It is difficult to see what natural laws or explanations involve notions that are dictated by our anthropocentric predilections and easier to see the explanatory significance of kinds that exist as kinds independently of our conventions.

Keywords

Zinc Sodium Chloride Uranium Chlorine Assure 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Armstrong, D.M. (1997). A World of States of Affairs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bird, A. (1998). Philosophy of Science. London: UCL Press.Google Scholar
  3. Elder, C. L. (1994). Higher and Lower Essential Natures. American Philosophical Quarterly 31(3): 255–265.Google Scholar
  4. Ellis, B. (2001). Scientific Essentialism. Cambridge: Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  5. Fales, E. (1990). Causation and Universals. London: RoutledgeGoogle Scholar
  6. Hacking, I. (1993). Working in a New World: The Taxonomic Solution. In P. Horowich (ed.): World Changes. Cambridge: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  7. Khalidi, M. A. (1993). Carving Nature at the Joints. Philosophy of Science 60(1): 100–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Khalidi, M. A. (1998). Natural Kinds and Crosscutting Categories. The Journal of Philosophy 95(1): 33–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kripke, S. (1980). Naming and Necessity. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  10. Kuhn, T. S. (2000). The Road since Structure. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  11. Mellor, D. H. (1977). Natural Kinds. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28: 199–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Noble, E. R. and Noble, G. A. (1982). Parasitology: The Biology of Animal Parasites, 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.Google Scholar
  13. Putnam, H. (1975). The Meaning of ‘Meaning’. In Gunderson (ed.): Language, Mind and Knowledge. University of Minnesota.Google Scholar
  14. Simpson, G. G. (1961). Principles of Animal Taxonomy. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Thomason, R. (1969). Species, Determinates and Natural Kinds. Noûs 3: 95–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Zemach, E. (1976). Putnam’s Theory on the Reference of Substance Terms. The Journal of Philosophy 73(5): 116–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • ROBIN STENWALL

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations