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for enhancing water supplies schemes in arid lands featuring an appropriate technology for solar energy use in the irrigation field. The present paper introduces the effect of water cost production on crops yields and these are then incorporated in the financial balance. It shows that the water desalination use in irrigation could be profitable for farmers, particularly for produce of high commercial value. The solar desalination in irrigation is only worthwhile if higher crop production is adopted and assuming a high qualification of farmers. However, further technical development and lower investment costs are needed for solar desalination concepts in order to get water costs down to levels competitive to more conventional desalination methods. The work was motivated by the increasing awareness of the need


Heat Pipe Arid Area Solar Collector Arid Land Water Desalination 
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© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut National de Recherche en Génie RuralArianaTunisia
  2. 2.ENITTunisTunisia

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