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A Priori Reasons: A Fresh Look at Disposition Predicates

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Part of the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science book series (BSPS, volume 256)

The paper analyzes the meaning of disposition predicates within Kaplan’s character theory (which, when generalized to a treatment of hidden indexicality or dependence on the context world, can perfectly accommodate Kripke’s notions of apriority and of (metaphysical) necessity) (section 12.3). It introduces the topic of disposition predicates (section 12.4), concludes that the reduction sentences related to them are a priori in two different senses, defines the epistemological role of the reference to normal conditions, explains the crucial role which the notion of (defeasibly) a priori reasons (as introduced in section 12.2) plays in these considerations (section 12.5), and discusses finally the extent to which dispositions are (metaphysically) identical with their bases (section 12.6). These issues turn out to be important for understanding the foundations of empirical knowledge and a refutation of skepticism about the external world (section 12.7), as discussed in the previous chapter.

Keywords

Ranking Function Definite Description Default Logic Logical Positivist Natural Kind Term 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2009

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