A TWO-FRACTAL OVERLAP MODEL OF EARTHQUAKES
We introduce here the two-fractal model of earthquake dynamics. As the fractured surfaces have self-affine properties, we consider the solid-solid interface of the earth’s crust and the tectonic plate below as fractal surfaces. The overlap or contact area between the two surfaces give a measure of the stored elastic energy released during a slip. The overlap between two fractals change with time as one moves over the other and we show that the time average of the overlap distribution follows a Gutenberg-Richter like power-law, with similar exponent value.
KeywordsElastic Energy Tectonic Plate Fault Surface Sierpinski Gasket Fractal Object
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