Boron Nutrition and Boron Application in Crops

Poor Tree Form in Eucalyptus nitens Linked to Boron Deficiency
  • Timothy E. Smith
Conference paper


Apical dominance is the suppression of lateral shoots by a robustly growing shoot apex. The mechanism for this apical dominance is generally accepted to be through the polar flow of auxins, most notably indoleacetic acid (IAA), synthesized in the shoot apex and young leaves (Li et al. 2001).


Tree Height Apical Dominance Stem Volume Soil Survey Staff Stem Form 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Hatcher J.T. and Bower C.A., 1967 Adsorption of boron by soils as influenced by hydroxyl aluminum and surface area. Soil Sci. 104, 422–426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hingston F.J., 1964 Reaction between boron and clays. Aust. J. Soil Res. 2, 83–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Isbell R.F., 1996 The Australian Soil Classification. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria.Google Scholar
  4. Ishii T. and Matsunaga T., 1996 Isolation and characterisation of a boron-rhamno- galacturanon II complex from cell walls of sugar beet pulp. Carbohyd. Res. 284, 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Keren R. and Bingham F.T., 1985 Boron in water, soil and plants. In: Advances in soil Science, Vol. 1 (B.A. Stewart, ed.), Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 229–276.Google Scholar
  6. Keren R. and Mezuman U., 1981 Boron adsorption by clay minerals using a phenomenological equation. Clays and Clay Min. 29, 198–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kobayashi M., Matoh T., and Asuma J., 1996 Two chains of rhamnogalacturanon II are cross-linked by borate-diol ester bonds in higher plant cell walls. Plant Phys. 110, 1017–1020.Google Scholar
  8. Li C., Pfeffer H., Dannel F., Römheld V., and Bangerth F., 2001 Effects of boron starvation on boron compartmentation, and possibly hormone-mediated elongation growth and apical dominance of pea (Pisum sativum) plants. Physiol. Plant. 111, 212–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. McPhail M., Page A.L., and Bingham F.T., 1972 Adsorption interactions of monosilicic and boric acid on hydrous oxides of iron and aluminum. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 36, 510–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Marschner H., 1995 Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. (2nd Edition) Academic Press, San Diego, USA, pp. 379–396.Google Scholar
  11. O’Neill M.A., Warrenfeltz D., Kates K., Pellerin P., Doco T., Darvill A.G., and Albersheim P., 1996 Rhamnogalacturanon II, a pectic polysaccharide in the walls of growing plant cells, forms a dimer that is covalently cross-linked by a borate ester. J. Biol. Chem. 271, 22923–22930.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sims J.R. and Bingham F.T., 1968 Retention of boron by layer silicates, sesquioxides and soil materials: II. Sesquioxides. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 32, 364–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Smith T.E., 2004 Boron nutrition of Hass avocado (Persea americana Mill.). PhD Thesis, University of Queensland, p. 196.Google Scholar
  14. Soil Survey Staff 1975 Soil Taxonomy – a Basic System of Soil Classification for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys. USDA, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy E. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Primary Industries and FisheriesHorticulture and Forestry ScienceGympie, QueenslandAustralia

Personalised recommendations