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Emergence in Ecological Systems

  • James A. Drake
  • Michael Fuller
  • Craig R. Zimmerman
  • Javier G. P. Gamarra

Keywords

Ecological System Cellular Automaton Community Assembly Downward Causation Attractor Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • James A. Drake
    • 1
  • Michael Fuller
    • 2
  • Craig R. Zimmerman
    • 3
  • Javier G. P. Gamarra
    • 4
  1. 1.Complex Systems Group Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  2. 2.The Institute for Environmental Modeling Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biological SciencesTexas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA
  4. 4.Department of Renewable ResourcesUniversity of AlbertaEdmonton, ABCanada

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