The lithosphere, oceans and the atmosphere form the largest reservoirs on earth. The main link between these reservoirs is the hydrological cycle, which provides fresh-water for humans, continental ecosystem functions, weathering, and sediment transport and is co-responsible for the temperature equilibration on earth. The driving force of the water cycle is solar radiation, contributing with an average of 1024 J/year to water evaporation; for comparison, the European Community consumes about 7×1019 J/year of energy.


Biomass Convection Attenuation Hydrocarbon Sedimentation 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • K.-P. Seiler
    • 1
  • J.R. Gat
    • 2
  1. 1.GSF National Research CentreNeuherbergGermany
  2. 2.Weizmann Institute of ScienceIsrael

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