SIMBOL-X: An hard X-ray formation flying mission

  • Rodolphe Clédassou
  • Philippe Ferrando


In 2004 and 2005 CNES decided to perform phase 0 studies on 4 scientific missions: ASPICS (Solar physics), MAX (γ-rays Laue lens), PEGASE (hot Jupiter study by an interferometer in the 2 µm to 4.5 µm range) and SIMBOL-X (hard X-rays telescope). This last mission had already undergone a feasibility study in 2003 (ref. [4]), however a complementary study was necessary to take into account the possibilities of increasing the payload mass allowance, as well as the developments in the payload design and science goals (see ref. [1]). The output of this new detailed study is described hereafter.


Gravity Gradient Mirror Module Position Knowledge Laue Lens Detector Satellite 
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  1. 1.
    SIMBOL-X.: A formation flying mission for hard X-rays astrophysics. P. Ferrando, et al., SPIE (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ferrando, P. et al.: SIMBOL-X, a new generation X-ray telescope in the 0.5-50 keV range. 1st Formation Flying International Symposium. Toulouse, 29–31 October 2002 and SIMBOL-X.: A new generation hard X-ray telescope. Proceeding SPIE 5168, 65–76 (2004)ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Delpech, M., Fourcade, J.: GNC system design for a new concept of X-Ray distributed telescope. 2nd Formation Flying International Symposium. Washington-DC 14–16 September (2004)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Duchon, P., Mercier, K. et al.: SIMBOL-X, a formation flying for high energy astrophysics mission. 2nd Formation Flying International Symposium. Washington-DC 14–16 September (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rodolphe Clédassou
    • 1
  • Philippe Ferrando
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre National d’Etudes SpatialesToulouse CedexFrance
  2. 2.UMR 7164, APC & DSM/DAPNIA/Service d’AstrophysiqueCEA/SaclayGif-sur-Yvette CedexFrance

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