FOCUSSING EUROPEAN ASTRONOMY – ESO’S IN THE ‘COMEBACK’ OF EUROPEAN ASTRONOMY
ESO, the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, was born in 1962 as a response to the strong aspiration of European astronomers to regain leadership in their field. With the advent of the Very Large Telescope in 1998, this dream was realised at last, in the best possible way. We recall the context in which ESO was created, how it developed, creating a network of excellence in Europe, and how it is now leading the way in astronomy with the VLT, VLTI, major projects such as ALMA and the European Extremely Large Telescope, and in European science in general within the EIROforum partnership.
KeywordsSouthern Hemisphere European Science Large Telescope Royal Greenwich Observatory Virtual Observatory
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