Advertisement

THE PROGRESSIVE WORLD PENETRATION OF THE STRASBOURG ASTRONOMICAL DATA CENTER (1970-1990)

  • ANDRÉ HECK
Part of the ASTROPHYSICS AND SPACE SCIENCE LIBRARY book series (ASSL, volume 343)

Abstract

Over roughly two decades, Strasbourg astronomical Data Center (CDS) managed to be recognized as an excellence center for stellar and non-stellar data (solar-system excluded) on a world-wide scale. After briefly recalling the CDS genesis, this chapter 1details the progressive international penetration of that small structure, ahead of the networking of the planet. Among the aspects reviewed are: the international membership of CDS Council, the participating observatories, the CDS international agreements, the geographical coverage of users, the international meetings, the publications, the staff, and, last but not least, the critical ventures with the space agencies without which CDS would not have remained on the international scene. Some tentative explanations of acceptance are put forward, such as its genial basic idea (table of correspondence between catalog identifications) and more generally its excellent home-made products; right decisions taken at the right time by the initial managers; perceptiveness in terms of future needs; adequate response to the expectations of space agencies; and so on.

Keywords

European Space Agency USSR Academy Astronomical Data Information Bulletin International Astronomical Union 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Aubert, G. & Charvin, P. 1971, Minutes of INAG’s Conseil de Direction Meeting held in Paris on 12 May 1971.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Boulon, J. 1971, Minutes of INAG’s Scientific Council Meeting held in Paris on 26 May 1971.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bruneau, Ch. & Heck, A. 2005, CDS Council Members, in The Multinational History of Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory, Ed. A. Heck, Springer, Dordrecht, 271–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    CDSIB 1985a, Workshop on Sky Surveys – Himmelsdurchmusterungen, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 29, 39–94.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    CDSIB 1985b, List of Institutes having Access to SIMBAD – September 1985, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 29, 109.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    CDSIB 1986a, Deuxiéme Réunion sur les Réseaux Astronomiques de Données – Second Meeting on Astronomical Data Networks, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 31, 55–88.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    CDSIB 1986b, List of Institutes having Access to SIMBAD – November 1986, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 31, 231.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    CDSIB 1987, List of Institutes having Access to SIMBAD – November 1987, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 33, 179–180.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    CDSIB 1988, List of Institutes having Access to SIMBAD – December 1988, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 25, 223–224.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Duerbeck, H.W. 2006, Heck, André, Nouveau Dictionnaire de la Biographie Alsacienne 45, 4668–4669.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Egret, D. & Guibert, J. (Eds.) 1984, L’Avenir des Données Non-Stellaires (VIe Journée de Strasbourg), Obs. Strasbourg, 103 pp.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    ESA 1991, Agreement between the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Centre de Données Stellaires de Strasbourg (CDS) on the ESIS Pilot Project (16 January 1991).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fresneau, A. & Hamm, M. 1987, Impacts des Surveys du Visible sur notre Connaissance de la Galaxie. (IXe Journée de Strasbourg), Obs. Astron. Strasbourg, 138 pp. (ISBN 2-906361-01-1)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Halbwachs, J.L., Jasniewicz, G. & Egret, D. 1988, Détection et Classification des Étoiles Variables, (Xe Journée de Strasbourg), Obs. Astron. Strasbourg, 100 pp. (ISBN 2-906361-02-X)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Heck, A. 1978, The Needs for Space Astronomy in Ground-Based Data, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 14, 74–76.ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Heck, A. 1981a, Stellar Data Center Terminal at Vilspa, IUE ESA Newsl. 10, 5–6.ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Heck, A. 1981b, Data Link between CDS and ESA IUE Observatory, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 21, 45.ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Heck, A. (Ed.) 1989, Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Astronomy – Techniques d’Intelligence Artificielle pour l’Astronomie (XIe Journée de Strasbourg – XIth Strasbourg Astronomical Day), Obs. Astron. Strasbourg, viii + 82 pp. (ISBN 2-906361-04-6)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Heck, A. (Ed.) 1990, Fractals in Astronomy – Fractales en Astronomie, (XIIe Journée de Strasbourg – XIIth Strasbourg Astronomical Day), Vistas in Astron. 33, 245–424.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Heck, A. (Ed.) 1992, Desktop Publishing in Astronomy and Space Sciences, World Scientific, Singapore, xii + 240 pp. (ISBN 981-02-0915-0)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Heck, A. 2000, ¿From Data Files to Information Hubs: Beyond Technologies and Methodologies, in Information Handling in Astronomy, Ed. A. Heck, Kluwer Acad. Publ., Dordrecht (2000) 223–242.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Heck, A. 2002, The Impact of New Media on 20th-Century Astronomy, Astron. Nachr. 323 (2002) 542–547.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Heck, A. (Ed.) 2005a, The Multinational History of Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory, Springer, Dordrecht, viii + 310 pp. (ISBN 1-4020-3643-4)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Heck, A. 2005b, Vistas into the CDS Genesis, in The Multinational History of Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory, Ed. A. Heck, Springer, Dordrecht, 191–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Heck, A. 2006a, The ADS Success Story – An Interview with Günther Eichhorn, in Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy – Vol. 7 (OSA 7), Ed. A. Heck, Springer, Dordrecht (this volume).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Heck, A. 2006b, Jaschek, Carlos, Nouveau Dictionnaire de la Biographie Alsacienne 45, 4713–4714.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Heck, A. et al. 1979, A collaboration between the Stellar Data Center and the European Space Agency ‘International Ultraviolet Explorer’ Observatory, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 16, 90–91.ADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Heck, A. & Egret, D. 1987, SIMBAD – The CDS Database, The Messenger 48, 22–24.ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Heck, A. & Murtagh, F. (Eds.) 1992, Astronomy from Large Databases II, ESO Conf. & Workshop Proc. 43, x + 534 pp. (ISBN 3-923524-47-1)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    IAU Trans 1971, Transactions of the International Astronomical Union XIVB, Proceedings of the Fourteenth General Assembly Brighton 1970, Eds. C. de Jager & A. Jappel, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Jaschek, C. 1968, Information Problems in Astrophysics, Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 80, 654.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Jaschek, C. 1982, CDS Annual Report of the Director for 1981, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 23, 81–83.ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Jaschek, C. 1983, CDS Annual Report of the Director for 1982, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 25, 59–62.ADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Jaschek, C. 1985a, CDS Annual Report of the Director for 1983, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 28, 143–146.ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Jaschek, C. 1985b, CDS Annual Report of the Director for 1984, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 28, 147–152.ADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Jaschek, C. 1986, CDS Council Meeting (Nov 1986) documentation.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Jaschek, C. 1988, CDS Annual Report of the Director for 1987, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 34, 145–153.ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Jaschek, C. & Heintz, W. (Eds.) 1982, Automated Data Retrieval in Astronomy, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, xx + 324 pp. (ISBN 90-277-1435-5)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Jaschek, C. & Murtagh, F. (Eds.) 1990, Errors, Bias and Uncertainties in Astronomy, Cambridge Univ. Press, xxii + 422 pp. (ISBN 0-521-39300-0)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Jaschek, C. & Sterken, Ch. (Eds.) 1988, Coordination of Observational Projects in Astronomy, Cambridge Univ. Press, viii + 270 pp. (ISBN 0-521-36157-5)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Jaschek, C. & Wilkins, G.A. (Eds.) 1977, Compilation, Critical Evaluation, and Distribution of Stellar Data, Astrophys. Sp. Sc. Lib. 64 D. Reidel Pub. Co., Dordrecht, xiv + 316 pp. (ISBN 90-277-0792-8)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Jung, J. 1970, Minutes of the CDS Meeting held in Geneva on 27 November 1970.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Jung, J. 1971, Minutes of the CDS Meeting held in Strasbourg on 25 November 1971.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Jung, J. 1972, Minutes of the CDS Meeting held in Strasbourg on 25-26 May 1972.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Jung, J. 2005, CDS: Origins and Early Beginnings, in The Multinational History of Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory, Ed. A. Heck, Springer, Dordrecht, 211–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Jung, J. & Lacroute, P. 1970, Minutes of the CDS Meeting held in Strasbourg on 4 July 1970.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Kondo, Y. et al. (Eds.) 1987, Exploring the Universe with the IUE Satellite, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, x + 788 pp. (ISBN 90-277-2380-X).Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Kovalevsky, J. 2005, The Hipparcos Project at Strasbourg Observatory, in The Multinational History of Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory, Ed. A. Heck, Springer, Dordrecht, 215–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Lacroute, P. 1969a, Minutes of the CDS Meeting held in Strasbourg on 8 January 1969.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Lacroute, P. 1969b, Agenda of the CDS Meeting to be held in Strasbourg on 21-22 October 1969.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Lacroute, P. 1970a, Letter to IAU (6 April 1970).Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Lacroute, P. 1970b, Agenda of the CDS Meeting to be held in Strasbourg on 4 July 1970.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Lacroute, P. 1980, personal communication.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Murtagh, F. & Heck, A. (Eds.) 1988, Astronomy from Large Databases. Scientific Objectives and Methodological Approaches, ESO Conf. & Workshop Proc. 28, xiv + 512 pp. (ISBN 3-923524-28-5)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Ochsenbein, F. 1978, Possibilities for Data Distribution, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 15, 134–135.ADSGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Ochsenbein, F. 1981, Développement d’une Banque de Données Stellaires et Application à l’Étude de la Distribution Spatiale des Étoiles, PhD Thesis, Obs. Strasbourg, 180 pp.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Ochsenbein, F., Egret, D. & Bischoff, M. 1977, The Catalogue of Stellar Identifications, in Compilation, Critical Evaluation, and Distribution of Stellar Data, Eds. C. Jaschek & G.A. Wilkins, D. Reidel Pub. Co., Dordrecht, 31–36.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Pecker, J.C. 1970, Letter to the Director of INAG (19 Oct 1970).Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Perek, L. 1969, IAU EC 32 Doc. 11a (June 1969).Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Perryman, M.A.C. & Bernacca, P.L. 1997, HIPPARCOS Venice ’97, ESA SP-492, European Space Agency Publ. Div., Nordwijk, lii + 862 pp. (ISBN 92-9092-291-5)Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Perryman, M.A.C. & Guyenne, T.D. 1982, The Scientific Aspects of the Hipparcos Space Astrometry Mission, ESA SP-177, European Space Agency Publ. Div., Nordwijk, viii + 242 pp.Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Rolfe, E. (Ed.) 1983, Statistical Methods in Astronomy, ESA SP-201, European Space Agency Publ. Div., Nordwijk, xviii + 262 pp.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Stickland, D.J. 1996, The International Ultraviolet Explorer: An Appreciation, Observatory 116, 343–344.ADSGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Vonflie, Ph. & Heck, A. 2005, Strasbourg Observatory Institutional Publications, in The Multinational History of Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory, Ed. A. Heck, Springer, Dordrecht, 293–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Wamsteker, W. 1985, Letters of 3 June 1985 to C. Jaschek and of 24 June 1985 to A. Heck.Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Wamsteker, W. et al. 1989, IUE-ULDA/USSP: The On-line Low-Resolution Spectral-Data Archive of the International Ultraviolet Explorer, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 79, 1–10.ADSGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Wenger, M. 1981, Base de Données du CDS: SIMBAD, Inform. Bull. Strasbourg Stellar Data Center 20, 81.ADSGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Wilkins, G.A. 2006, The Genesis of the IAU WG on Astronomical Data, in Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy – Vol. 7 (OSA 7), Ed. A. Heck, Springer, Dordrecht (this volume).Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Wilson, A. 2001, ESA Achievements (2nd Edition) – More than Thirty Years of Pioneering Space Activity, ESA BR-200, European Space Agency Publ. Division, Nordwijk, 280 pp. (ISBN 92-9092-782-8)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • ANDRÉ HECK
    • 1
  1. 1.Observatoire Astronomique 11, rue de l’UniversitéStrasbourgFrance

Personalised recommendations