Reconciling the Competing Policy Platforms in TVET? Promulgating ‘the 6Es Plus Education’ for Youth through Social Partnerships

  • Karen Plane

The World Development Report (World Bank, 2006, p. 4) states that there are now 1.5 billion young people in the 12–24 years age cohort, with 1.3 billion of them living in developing countries–the largest number in history and that we need new approaches to address opportunities, capabilities and second chances for youth (ibid., p. 11). In this light, the UNESCO Youth Employment Summit (YES) (2006b, p. 1) has argued that for young people in technical and vocational education and training (TVET) the focus should be the ’6Es plus education’: employability, employment creation, equity, entrepreneurship, environmental sustainability and empowerment. Resourcing TVET by developing pathways through schools and enabling effective post-school transition for youth means encouraging better collaboration across the stakeholders, and minimizing the numbers of young people leaving school with no formal qualifications (Quintini, Martin&Martin, 2007). This will mean working in social partnership with TVET providers, industry, trade unions, small business and the wider community in addressing innovative ways in which TVET can be resourced for the longer term’not just the short term.


Young People Gross Domestic Product Small Business Vocational Education Triple Bottom Line 
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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen Plane
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Research in Education Equity and,WorkUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia

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