Microstructure and microhardness in surface-nanocrystalline Al-alloy material
Discussed and analyzed are the surface-nanocrystallization of Al-alloy material manufactured by using the ultrasonic shot peening method. The transmission electron microscope (TEM) is used to examine the microstructure features and nanocrystalline mechanisms, such as, the formed microbands, the divided subbands, the infinitesimally divided and formed nanometer-sized grains and grain boundaries, etc. Based on the microscale observation and measurement, the mechanical behaviors of the surface-nanocrystalline Al-alloy material are investigated experimentally at submicron scale by means of the nano-indentation test. The load- and hardness-indent depth curves are measured. The grain size and its nonuniform effects are investigated. In the theoretical modeling, based on the microstructure characteristics and the experimental features, a dislocation pile-up model considering grain size effect based on the Mott theory is presented and used. The experimental hardness-indent depth curves which display the strong size, geometry and nonuniformity effects are successfully modeled and predicted.
KeywordsSurface-nanocrystalline Al-alloy Microstructure TEM observation Nanoindentation test Size effect
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