Review Of Recommendations For Forest Energy Harvesting And Wood Ash Recycling

  • Inge Stupak
  • Antti Asikainen
  • Dominik Röser
  • Karri Pasanen
Part of the Managing Forest Ecosystems book series (MAFE, volume 12)

In other chapters of this book, different economic, environmental and social aspects of forest fuel harvesting and wood ash recycling are treated and recommendations are given. However, national recommendations have already been elaborated by authorities in Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Lithuania (Billeschou & Klitgaard 1985, Danish Forest Agency 1985, Koistinen & Äijälä 2005, National Board of Forestry 2002, Ozolincius et al. 2005), and other recommendations and information materials have been elaborated by different national or international groups with varying degree of stakeholder involvement (Table 7.1). Synthesis information on these issues is also being provided by internet homepages such as www. by IEA Bioenergy Task 29, and computer models (cf. Chapter 9). The existing recommendations and information materials cover a wide range of topics including economic, ecological, environmental, social, technical and practical aspects for the whole forest fuel chain, ranging from available and potential resources, silviculture and production in the forest, harvesting technology, processing, handling, storage and transport to fuel quality, combustion technology, and emissions from the energy plant. In addition, waste production, wood ash recycling to the forest and institutional and participatory aspects are covered (Stupak et al. 2007).


Forest Owner Dead Wood Nutrient Removal Energy Wood Forest Fuel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inge Stupak
    • 1
  • Antti Asikainen
    • 2
  • Dominik Röser
    • 2
  • Karri Pasanen
    • 2
  1. 1.Forest & Landscape DenmarkUniversity of CopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Finnish Forest Research InstituteFinland

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