Alternative Education: An Overview

  • Yoshiyuki Nagata
Part of the Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (EDAP, volume 10)


The meaning of the terms alternative education and alternative school have varied over different times and places. Alternative schools and alternative education programs display diverse theories and practices. They are, in fact, like empty drinking cups into which all manner of beverages may be poured, and at times have even been used for functions other than cups (Raywid 1999, p. 47). The reality is that alternative education has functioned variously as, for example, individualized education of the kind found in child-centered education, as remedial education for ‘problem’ children, and as special education for gifted children.


Public Education Charter School Free School Public Character Gifted Child 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshiyuki Nagata
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute for Educational Policy ResearchTokyoJapan

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