USING ABUNDANT WASTE AND NATURAL MATERIALS FOR SOIL AND GROUNDWATER PROTECTION AGAINST CONTAMINATION WITH HEAVY METALS

Prospects and Areas of Application
  • Irena Twardowska
  • Joanna Kyziol
  • Yoram Avnimelech
  • Sebastian Stefaniak
  • Krystyna Janta-Koszuta
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAIV, volume 69)

Abstract

Sewage sludge (biosolids) application on land as a fertilizer and soil improver, and high-volume sulfidic mining waste disposal and use as a common fill are anthropogenic activities that increasingly contribute to heavy metal enrichment of soil and ground water.

Keywords

Clay Permeability Migration Chromium Europe 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irena Twardowska
    • 1
  • Joanna Kyziol
    • 1
  • Yoram Avnimelech
    • 2
  • Sebastian Stefaniak
    • 1
  • Krystyna Janta-Koszuta
    • 1
  1. 1.Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Environmental EngineeringZabrzePoland
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, TECHNION - Israel Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael

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