Explanatory Models in Suicide Research: Explaining Relationships

  • Anne-Marie Aish
Part of the Methodos Series book series (METH, volume 1)


Suicidal behaviour is a major public health problem in many countries. According to information from the World Health Organisation (WHO), suicide is one of the most frequent causes of death in the world and has increased by 60% in the last 45 years. It ranks among the three leading causes of death among those aged 15-44 years. During the 1980’s, WHO announced its target “Health for all in the year 2000”. With respect to suicidal behaviour, it insisted on reversing the rising trends of suicides and suicide attempts (see target 12, WHO, 1985). The WHO initiative led to several other initiatives to implement target 12. One of them was the development of a coordinated multinational European research project on parasuicide, the WHO/Euro Multicentre Study on Parasuicide (Bille-Brahe et al., 1994), which began in 1986. The overall goal of the Multicentre Study, in its focus on parasuicide (an act with nonfatal outcome), is to obtain substantial information on factors contributing to suicidal attempts and thus to obtain a better aetiological picture of parasuicide in order to develop preventive strategies. The project covers two areas of research: monitoring trends in the epidemiology of parasuicide and follow-up investigations of parasuicide populations. Another initiative, SUPRE, was launched by WHO in 1999, and is a world-wide initiative for the prevention of suicide with SUPRE MISS, a Multisite Intervention Study, as one of its several activities.


Social Support Suicidal Behaviour Mediational Model Explanatory Model Research Hypothesis 
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  • Anne-Marie Aish

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