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The Role of Plastids in Ripening Fruits

  • Florence Bouvier
  • Bilal Camara
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 23)

Although integrated into a sink tissue, fruit plastids play a key role in plant productivity because lowering fruit plastid metabolism decreases crop yield. Unlike leaf chloroplasts, the capacities of fruit plastids for photosynthetic electron transfer and carbon dioxide assimilation are lowand decline dramatically during the ripening stage.However, during this developmental transition hexoses derived from plastid starch hydrolysis and metabolites imported from the cytosol are actively used for the biogenesis and accumulation of carotenoids, prenyl- and acyl- lipids and amino acids. These activities are sustained by non-photosynthetic generation of ATP and reducing power within the organelle. Here we summarize the function of plastids during fruit ripening in relation to recent advances in biochemistry and molecular biology

Keywords

Tomato Fruit Carotenoid Biosynthesis Olive Fruit Fatty Acid Synthetase Pepper Fruit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Florence Bouvier
    • 1
  • Bilal Camara
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes du CNRS et Université Louis PasteurFrance

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