CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms

  • Sue G. Bartlett
  • Mautusi Mitra
  • James V. Moroney
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 23)

Many photosynthetic organisms, from bacteria to algae to higher plants, have mechanisms for accumulating inorganic carbon in the vicinity of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase at the site of photosynthesis and thus minimizing photorespiration and increasing net carbon fixation. In this review components of carbon dioxide concentrating mechanisms (CCMs) are described. The best characterized of these systems, the CCM found in some cyanobacteria, is used as a paradigm. The CCM found in microscopic green algae is then described, with emphasis on Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The CCMs utilized by higher plants that carry out C4 or Crassulacean acid metabolism are then reviewed. Finally, efforts to introduce a CCM into C3 plants using genetic engineering, the effects of the CCM on the global carbon cycle, and important research directions in this field are presented.


Carbonic Anhydrase Crassulacean Acid Metabolism Bundle Sheath Cell Chloroplast Envelope Marine Cyanobacterium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sue G. Bartlett
    • 1
  • Mautusi Mitra
    • 1
  • James V. Moroney
    • 1
  1. 1.Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Section, Department of Biological SciencesLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA

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