The Netherlands: A Leader in Quality Assurance Follows the Accreditation Trend

  • Margarita Jeliazkova
  • Don F. Westerheijden
Part of the Higher Education Dynamics book series (HEDY, volume 5)


The Dutch education system includes the following levels: primary education for children between the ages of four and twelve, secondary education as a continuation of primary education for pupils between twelve and (16 to) 18 years old, higher education for students aged eighteen and above, adult and vocational education and certified education (from 16 onwards). At the end of comprehensive primary education, pupils are assigned to general pre-vocational secondary education, senior secondary education or pre-university education. The general pre-vocational education (VMBO) lasts for four years and gives access to the senior vocational secondary education (MBO) and the apprenticeship system (LLW), which are both part of vocational and adult education. A third type of secondary education is the five-year senior general secondary education (HAVO), which can be directly accessed after primary education or after completing the VMBO. HAVO graduates can attend MBO or pre-university education (VWO). Pre-university education gives access to the university (WO), higher professional education (HBO) and to distance learning courses in higher education (Open University).


High Education Institution High Education System Quality Assurance System Accreditation System Quality Agency 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margarita Jeliazkova
  • Don F. Westerheijden

There are no affiliations available

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