A suitable model for the macroscopic behavior of accretion disk-jet systems is provided by the equations of MagnetoHydroDynamics (MHD). These equations allow us to perform scale-encompassing numerical simulations of multidimensional nonlinear magnetized plasma flows. For that purpose, we continue the development and exploitation of the Versatile Advection Code (VAC) along with its recent extension which employs dynamically controlled grid adaptation. In the adaptive mesh refinement AMRVAC code, modules for simulating any-dimensional special relativistic hydro- and magnetohydrodynamic problems are currently operational.
Here, we review recent 3D MHD simulations of fundamental plasma instabilities, relevant when dealing with cospatial shear flow and twisted magnetic fields. Such magnetized jet flows can be susceptible to a wide variety of hydro (e.g. Kelvin—Helmholtz) or magnetohydrodynamic (e.g. current driven kink) instabilities. Recent MHD computations of 3D jet flows have revealed how such mutually interacting instabilities can in fact aid in maintaining jet coherency. Another breakthrough from computational magnetofluid modeling is the demonstration of continuous, collimated, transmagnetosonic jet launching from magnetized accretion disks.
Summarizing, MHD simulations are rapidly gaining realism and significantly advance our understanding of nonlinear astrophysical magnetofluid dynamics.
KeywordsJets MHD numerical
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