Occurrence and Control of Mycotoxins in Foodstuffs in Cyprus

  • E. Ioannou-Kakouri
  • M. Aletrari
  • E. Christou
  • A. Ralli
  • A. Koliou
  • M. Christofidou

Abstract

The Competent authority in Cyprus for the official control of foodstuffs is the Ministry of Health with its two Departments, the State General Laboratory (SGL) and the Medical and Public Health Services (MPHs). The SGL is the official control Laboratory, for surveillance, monitoring and applied research in the field of food, water, environment, drugs, consumer products and forensic chemistry, and is accredited since 2002. The first draft of Cyprus Legislation for mycotoxins in foodstuffs was enacted in 1986 and now almost all the national food legislation has been amended in order to comply with the relevant EU legislation. The full harmonization to the EU legislation for mycotoxins will be finalized by the end of 2003.

Keywords

HPLC Corn Europe Aflatoxin Fusarium 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. (a) Central Science Laboratory (2001), Zearalenone Collaborative trial No. 130.Google Scholar
  2. (b) Central Science Laboratory (2002), Deoxinivalenone Collaborative trial No. 131.Google Scholar
  3. Commission Directives: 98/53/EC of 16 July 1998 for Aflatoxins and 2002/26/EC of 13 March 2002 for Ochratoxin A.Google Scholar
  4. Commission Regulations (EC) No. 466/2001 of 8 March 2001 for Aflatoxins and other contaminants.Google Scholar
  5. Commission Reputation (EC) No. 472/2002 of 16 March 2002 for Ochratoxin A in foodstuffs.Google Scholar
  6. (a) Draft Commission Reputation amending Reputation (EC) 466/2001 as regards aflatoxins and ochratoxin A in foods for infants and voung children (SANCO/10983/2002 rev.6).Google Scholar
  7. (b) Working Document of the European Commission for ochratoxin A SANCO/0063/2002 — rev. 2.Google Scholar
  8. (c) Miraglia M. and Brera C. (as coordinators) (2002). “Assessment of dietary intake of Ochratoxin A by the population of EU Member States”. Report on Task 3.2.7 for Scientific Cooperation. Directorate — General Health and Consumer Protection.Google Scholar
  9. loannou-Kakouri E., Aletrari M., Christou E., Ralli A., Koliou A. & Akkelidou D. (1999) “Surveillance and Control of Aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, G2 and M1 in Foodstuffs in the Republic of Cyprus: 1992–1996” J.AOAC International, vol. 82, p.883–892.Google Scholar
  10. Ioannou-Kakouri E., Christodoulidou M., Christou E. & Constantinidou E., (1995) “Immunoaffinity column / HPLC Determination of Aflatoxin M1 in milk”, Food Agric. Immunogv, vol. 7, p. 131–137.Google Scholar
  11. Ioannou-Kakouri E. Aletrari M., Ralli, A, Christou E., Koliou A., “Immunoaffinity Column / HPLC Determination of Ochratoxin A in Foodstuffs”, poster presentation in the 5th International Conference Agri-food Antibodies 99, Norwich, UK., 1999.Google Scholar
  12. Markari, P., & Melissari, E. (1997) “Occurrence of Aflatoxin M1 in Commercial Pasteurized Milk Determined with ELISA and HPLC” Food Additives and Contaminants 14.451–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Martins, M. (2003), “Occurrence of Aflatoxins in Raw Material and in Feedstuffs in Portugal 2000–2002”. Official Methods of Analysis, AOAC 999.31 (2000).Google Scholar
  14. Sudamore K. and MacDonald S. (1998) “Automated Liquid chromatographic Determination of Ochratoxin A in Cereals and Animal Procucts Using Immunoaffinity Column Cleanup”, Food Additives and Contaminants, vol. 15, p. 401–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Visconti A., Pascale M., and Centonze G., (2001) “Determination of Ochratoxin A in Wine and Beer by Immunoaffinity Column Cleanup and Liquid Chromatographic Analysis with Fluorometric Detection: Collaborative Study”, Journal of the AOAC International, Vol. 84, No. 6, p.1818 – 1827.Google Scholar
  16. Visconti A., Solfrizzo M., and De Girolamo A., (2000) “Determination of Fumonisins B1 and B2 in Corn and Corn Flakes by Liquid Chromatography with Immunoaffinity Column Cleanup: Collaborative Study”, Journal of the AOAC International, Vol. 84, No. 6, p.1828 — 1837.Google Scholar
  17. Wood, G.E. (1992) “Mycotoxins in Foods and Feeds in the United States”, J. Anim. Sci. 70, 3941–3949.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Proceeding Book of Congress Food Protection, Monte da Caparica, Portugal, 12–13 Maio, 30.Google Scholar
  19. Working Document of the European Commission for furasium toxins, SANCO/0062/2003 — rev. 2 (partim).Google Scholar
  20. a) Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food (1993) Mycotoxins: Third Report, Food Surveillance Paper No. 36, HMSO, London, UK.Google Scholar
  21. b) Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1999) Survey No. 192 for Aflatoxins, Ochratoxin A, Fumonisins and Zearalenone in Raw Maize, MAFF, London, UK.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Ioannou-Kakouri
    • 1
  • M. Aletrari
    • 1
  • E. Christou
    • 1
  • A. Ralli
    • 1
  • A. Koliou
    • 1
  • M. Christofidou
    • 1
  1. 1.State General LaboratoryMinistry of HealthNicosiaCyprus

Personalised recommendations