The Evolution of the Water Regimes in Belgium

  • David Aubin
  • Frédéric Varone
Part of the Environment & Policy book series (ENPO, volume 40)


Belgium is usually described in the political literature as a paradigmatic example of consensual (power-sharing) democracy (Lijphart, 1999). Belgian society is divided along three cleavages lines, initially religious and later socio-economic and linguistic, that structure both political parties (three-party system expanding in the 1960s to regionalist parties1) and pillar organisations. The country has a parliamentary polity. Proportional representation was introduced in 1899. The linguistic cleavage, in particular, coupled with a shift in the economic dominance from Wallonia to Flanders, led to major institutional transformations that partially explain the current divergence in regional institutional water regimes.


Water Regime Policy Design Water Policy Civil Code Water Distribution Network 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Aubin
    • 1
  • Frédéric Varone
    • 1
  1. 1.Université catholique de LouvainBelgium

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