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Alternative Mitochondrial Electron Transport Proteins in Higher Plants

  • Patrick M. Finnegan
  • Kathleen L. Soole
  • Ann L. Umbach
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 17)

Summary

The so-called “alternative” electron transport protems, the rotenone-insensitive NAD(P)H dehydrogenases and the alternative oxidase, distinguish the inner membrane of plant mitochondria from its animal counterpart. These proteins provide plant tissues possessing them with the potential to modulate the efficiency with which energy is conserved by respiratory electron transport. The activities associated with these enzymes have intrigued scientists from at least 1778, when Lamarck commented on the thermogenesis displayed by some highly specialized flowers, a process in which alternative electron transport proteins are now known to have an important role. In more recent times, many studies have been undertaken to determine the nature of the alternative electron transport proteins and to understand their role in plant physiology. We discuss, within a historical perspective, our current understanding of the biochemistry and molecular biology of the enzymes, including their biochemical regulation. We also discuss the possible roles of the enzymes in the normal and stress physiology of plants, and the physiological interactions of the enzymes with each other and the classical respiratory pathway.

Keywords

Alternative Oxidase Plant Mitochondrion Cytochrome Pathway Alternative Pathway Activity Alternative Oxidase Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AOX

alternative oxidase

CAM

crassulacean acid metabolism

COX

cytochrome c oxidase

Dox

di-iron carboxylate quinol oxidase

DPI

diphenyleneiodium

EPR

electron paramagnetic resonance

EST

expressed sequence tag

ETC

electron Transport chain

FCCP

carbonyl Cyanide p-trifluroomethoxy-phenylhydrazone

MMO

methane monooxygenase

NAD(P)H

NADH and/or NADPH

NDE

NAD(P)H dehydrogenase—external

NDI

NAD(P)H dehydrogenase—internal

OAA

oxaloacetate

PCD

programmed cell death

p

CMB: p-chloromercuribenzoate

Pi

inorganic phosphate

Ptox

plastid terminal oxidase

PUMP

plant uncoupling mitochondrial protein

R2

R2 subunit, ribonucleotide reductase

ROS

reactive oxygen species

SA

salicylic acid

SHAM

salicylhydroxamic acid

SMP

submitochondrial particles

TMV

tobacco mosaic virus

UCP

uncoupling protein

UQ

ubiquinone

UQH2

ubiquinol

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick M. Finnegan
    • 1
  • Kathleen L. Soole
    • 2
  • Ann L. Umbach
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Plant BiologyUniversity of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia
  2. 2.School of Biological SciencesFlinders UniversityAdelaideAustralia
  3. 3.DCMB Group, Biology DepartmentDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

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