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Mitochondrial Mutations in Plants

  • Kathleen J. Newton
  • Susan Gabay-Laughnan
  • Rosine De Paepe
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 17)

Summary

Mitochondrial mutations are widespread in the plant kingdom. They are easily detected when they result in maternal-defective or male-sterile plants. Neutral mutations that do not result in visible phenotypes also occur and are likely to be reservoirs for mitochondrial genome evolution. Because plant mitochondrial genes usually exhibit a slow rate of nucleotide Substitution, most of the reported mitochondrial mutations are rearrangements and/or deletions. Nuclear genes influence the generation and recovery of mitochondrial mutations because they control the Organization of mitochondrial genomes, as well as the expression of mitochondrial genes. The most extensively studied plant mitochondrial mutations are rearrangements resulting in chimeric genes that confer cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS), and deletions that either restore fertility to CMS plants or that cause abnormal growth. Chimeric genes, and novel arrangements of coding and regulatory sequences, can result from recombination across repeats. A model explaining the generation of abnormal growth mutants, as well as reversions of CMS-associated genomes to male fertility, is discussed. Analysis of mutants also reveals the roles of mitochondria in stress responses and mitochondrial-nuclear signaling. Plant Systems offer the advantage that mitochondrial-nuclear combinations are readily manipulated, the experimental materials are easily accessible, and generation times are usually short. Thus, they represent useful modeis for the generation and analysis of mitochondrial mutations and for the understanding of nuclear-cytoplasmic interactions.

Keywords

Mitochondrial Genome Male Sterility Mitochondrial Gene Cytoplasmic Male Sterility Chimeric Gene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

Chm

chloroplast mutator

CMS

cytoplasmic male sterility

Mct

modifier ofcox2 transcripts

MDL

maternally-inherited distorted leaf

mtDNA

mitochondrial DNA

NCS

non-chromosomal stripe

NCV

non-chromosomal variegated

NMS

nuclear-mitochondrial sterility associated

Pcf

petunia CMS-associated fused

PPR

pentatricopeptide repeat

Pvs

Phaseolus vulgaris sterility sequence

RCM

rectifies TCM

Rf

restorer of fertility

TCM

teosinte-cytoplasm-associated miniature

TIRs

terminal inverted repeats

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathleen J. Newton
    • 1
  • Susan Gabay-Laughnan
    • 2
  • Rosine De Paepe
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Biological SciencesTucker Hall University of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant BiologyUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA
  3. 3.Institut de Biotechnologie des Plantes, Laboratoire Mitochondries et Métabolisme, CNRS UMR 8618Université Paris-Sud XIOrsayFrance

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