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Plant Mitochondrial Carriers

  • Ferdinando Palmieri
  • Nathalie Picault
  • Luigi Palmieri
  • Michael Hodges
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 17)

Summary

The metabolic communication between plant mitochondria and the cytosol requires the flux of metabolites, nucleotides and cofactors across the inner mitochondrial membrane. This is accomplished by a family of mitochondrial carrier pro-teins (better characterized in animal and yeast) that span the inner membrane lipid bilayer and share distinct common sequence features. Early studies, using isolated plant mitochondria and partially purified membrane proteins, revealed the existence of several mitochondrial transport activities. However, molecular research on the proteins responsible for these activities and their genes is sparse. The in silico analysis of the complete Arabidopsis thaliana genome has revealed almost 60 genes encoding putative members of the mitochondrial carrier family. To identify and characterize plant mitochondrial carriers, recombinant protein technology and functional reconstitution techniques developed for animal and yeast carrier proteins, together with a wide-range of recently developed functional-genomic tools, are currency being exploited. This has led to the recent functional identification of several plant mitochondrial carrier family members. These achievements explain and extend pre-genomic findings. This information will be important in the quest to better understand mitochondrial function in plant cell metabolism at the integrative level.

Keywords

Adenine Nucleotide Uncouple Protein Plant Mitochondrion Mitochondrial Carrier Phosphate Carrier 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AAC

ADP/ATP carrier

BAC

Basic amino acid carrier

CAC

Carnitine/acylcarnitinc carrier

CIC

Citrate carrier

DIC

Dicarboxylate carrier

DTC

Dicarboxylate/tricarboxylate carri

MCF

Mitochondrial carrier family

OAC

Oxaloacetate carrier

ODC

Oxodicarboxylate carrier

OGC

2-Oxoglutarate carrier

PiC

Phosphate carrier

SFC

Succinate/fumaratc carrier

UCP

Uncoupling protein

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ferdinando Palmieri
    • 1
  • Nathalie Picault
    • 2
  • Luigi Palmieri
    • 1
    • 3
  • Michael Hodges
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaco-Biology, Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyUniversity of BariBariItaly
  2. 2.Institut de Biotechnologie des Plantes, CNRS UMR8618University de Paris SudOrsay, CedexFrance
  3. 3.CNR Institute of Biomembranes and BioenergeticsBariItaly

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