Advertisement

Picosecond Dynamic Processes of Molecular Liquids in Confined Spaces — A Review of Results in Porous Glasses

  • Jack Yarwood
Chapter
  • 203 Downloads
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NAII, volume 133)

Abstract

Techniques for the measurement of psec dynamic processes of liquids confined in silica-gel pores are reviewed in the context of ‘nonwetting’ (CS2, CHC13) and wetting (CH3CN,H20) liquids. The data presented show how ‘physical’ (geometry driven) and ‘chemical’ (interaction driven) confinement may be distinguished, i.e., how modifications to ‘host’ or guest chemistry may be used to elucidate the dominating thermodynamic drivers. It is shown how real time decay and band shape measurements, or light and neutron scattering techniques, can be used in a complementary fashion to provide fundamental information of importance for a variety of industrially important processes

Keywords

Bulk Water Porous Glass Water Network Translational Diffusion Coefficient Optical Kerr Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Hansenne, C.; Jousse, F.; Leherte, L. Vercauteren (2001), J. Mol. Catalysis A; Chemical. 166, 147–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tripathi, A.K.; Sahrasrabudhe, A.; Mitra, R.; Mukhopadhyay, R.; Gupta, M.; Kartha, V.B. (2001), Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 3, 4449–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Corma, A. (1995), Chem. Rev., 95, 559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Corma, A.; Martinez-Soria, A.; Morton, J.B. (1995) J. Catal, 153, 25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guo, T.; Langley, K.H.; Karasz, F.E.(1994), Phys. Rev. B., 50, 3400.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Onori, G.; Santucci, A. (1993), J. Phys. Chem. 97, 5430 and references therein.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Giardano, R.; Migliardo, P.; Wanderlingh, U.; Bardez, E. (1995), J. Phys. B., 213, 585.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bardez, E.; Giordano, R.; Jannelli, M.P.; Migliardo, P.; Wanderlingh, U. (1996), J. Mol. Struct., 383, 183.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Veith, W.R. Diffusion in and through polymers: principles and applications, (1991), Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Baker, R.W.; Cussler, E.L.; Eykamp, W.; Koros, W.J.; Riley, R.L.; Strathmann, H. (1991), Membrane separation systems: recent development and future directions, Noyes Data Corp., Park Ridge, NJ.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gruger, A.; Regis, A.; Schmatko, T.; Colomban, P. (2001), Vib. Spectrosc., 26, 215–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Murad, M. A.; Cushman, J.H. (2000) Int. J. Eng. Sci., 38, 517–564.MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Smiles, D.E. (2000), Chem. Eng, Sci., 55, 773–781.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Petrescu, A-J.; Receveur, V.; Calmettes, P.; Durand, D.; Desmadril M.; Roux, B.; Smith, J.C. (1997), Biophysical J.12, 335–42.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bellissent-Funel, M.C.; Zanotti, J-M.; Chen, S.H. (1996), Faraday Diss. 103, 281–294; Bellissent-Funel, M.C. (2002), J. Mol. Liquids, 96–97, 287–304 (and references therein).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Awschalom, D.D.; Warnock, J. (1989), Molecular Dynamics in Restricted Geometries (Eds. Klafter, J.; Drake, J.M.) Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Klafter, J.; Blumem, A.; Drake, J.M. (1989), Relaxation and Diffusion in Restricted Geometry, (Eds. Klafter, J.; Drake, J.M.;), Wiley, New York, p 1.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Beck, J.S.; Vartuli, J.C.; Roth, W.J.; Leonowicz, M.E.; Kresge, C.T.; Schmitt, K.D.; Chu, C.T-W.; Olson, D.H.; Sheppard, E.W.; McCullen, S.B.; Higgins, J.B.; Schlenker, J. (1992), J. Am. Chem. Soc., 114, 10834.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Brinker, C.J.; Scherer, G.W.; (1990), Sol-Gel Science, Physics and Chemistry of SolGel Processing, Academic Press, San Diego.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zerda, T.W.; Hoang, J. (1989), J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 109, 9,ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 20a.
    Zerda, T.W.; Hoang, J. (1990), Chem. Mat., 2, 372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 21.
    Feldman, Y.; Puzenko, A.; Ryabov, Y. (2002), Chemical Physics (in press).Google Scholar
  23. 22.
    Øye, G.; Alexrod, E.; Feldman, T.; Sjoblom, J., Stöcker, M. (2000), Polymer Coll. Sci., 278, 517–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 23.
    Loughnane, B.J.; Scodinu, A.; Fourkas, J.T. (1999), J. Phys. Chem., 103. 6061.Google Scholar
  25. 24.
    Ferrar, R.A., Loughnane, B.J.; Fourkas, J.T. (1997), J. Phys. Chem., 101, 4005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 25.
    See also Loughnane, B.J.; Farrer, R.A.; Scodinu, A.; Fourkas, J.T. (1999), J. Chem. Phys., 111, 5116.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 26.
    Loughnane, B.J.; Scodinu, A.; Fourkas, J.T. (2000), Chem. Phys., 253, 323–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 27.
    Loughnane, B.J.; Farrer, R.A.; Scodinu, A.; Reilly, T.; Fourkas, J.T. (2000), J.Phys. Chem., 104, 5421–29.Google Scholar
  29. 28.
    Nikiel, L.; Hopkins, B.; Zerda, T.W. (1990), J. Phys. Chem., 94, 7458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 29.
    Mu, R.; Malhotra, V.M. (1991), Phys, Rev., B44, 4602.Google Scholar
  31. 30.
    Yi, J., Jonas, J. (1996), J. Phys. Chem., 100. 16789.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 31.
    Hoang, G.C.; (2002), J. Korean Phys. Soc., 40, 224–31.Google Scholar
  33. 32.
    Liu, G.; Li, Y.; Jonas, J. (1991), J.Chem.Phys., 95, 6892;ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 32a.
    Zhang, J.; Jonas, J.; (1993), J. Phys. Chem., 97, 8812CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 33.
    Korb, J.P.; Malier, L.; Cross, F.; Xu, S.; Jonas, J. (1996), Phys. Rev. Lett., 77, 3212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 34.
    Asknes, D.W.; Gjerdaker, L.; Allen, S.G.; Booth, H.F.; Strange, J.H. (1998), Magn. Res. Imaging, 16, 579–81,CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 34a.
    Gjerdaker, L.; Sorland, G.H.; Aksnes, D.W. (1999), Microporous/Mesoporous Mat., 32, 305–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 35.
    Crupi, V.; Maisano, G.; Majolino, D.; Migliardo, P.; Venuti, V. (1998), J. Chem. Phys., 109, 7394.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 36.
    Crupi, V.; Majolino, D.; Migliardo, P.; Venuti, V. (1998), Nuovo Cimento 20D, 2163.Google Scholar
  40. 37.
    Crupi, V.; Magazû, S.; Majolino, D.; Maisano, G.; Migliardo, P.; (1999), J. Mol. Liq., 80, 133.Google Scholar
  41. 38.
    Magazù, S.; Maisano, G.; Majolino, D.; Migliardo, P. (1995), Physical Chemistry of Aqueous Systems, White, H.J.; Sengers, J.; Neumann, D.; Bellows, J.; Eds.; Wallingford: New York, p361.Google Scholar
  42. 39.
    Crupi, V.; Dianoux, A.J.; Majolino, D.; Migliardo, P.; Venuti, V. (2002), Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 4, 2768–2773.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 40.
    Crupi, V.; Majolino, D.; Migliardo, P.; Venuti, V. (2002), Physica A, 304, 59–64,ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 40a.
    Crupi, V.; Majolino, D.; Migliardo, P.; Venuti, V. (2002), Physica A, ibid 304, 249–52.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 41.
    Mitra, S.; Mukhopadhyuy, R.; Tsukushi, I.; Ikeda, S.; (2001), J. Phys. Condensed Matter, 13, 8455–65.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 42.
    Maisano, G.; Migliardo, P.; Fontana, M.P.; Bellissent-Funel, M. C.; Dianoux, A. J. (1985), J. Phys. C: 18, 1115 and references therein.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 43.
    Zanotti, J.M.; Bellisent-Funel, M.C.; Chen, S. H. (1999), Phys. Rev. E., 59, 3084 and references therein.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 44.
    Crupi, V.; Majolino, D.; Migliardo, P.; Venuti, V. (2000), J. Phys. Chem., 104, 11000–11012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 45.
    Crupi, V.; Venuti, V.; Majolino, D.; Migliardo, P. (1998), J. Mol. Structure, 482–483, 509–13.Google Scholar
  50. 46.
    Yarwood, J. (Editor), (1973), Spectroscopy and Structure of Molecular Complexes, Plenum, London, p359.Google Scholar
  51. 47.
    Rothschild, W.G. (1984), Dynamics of Molecular Liquids, Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  52. 48.
    Steel, D.; and Yarwood, J. (Eds) (1991), Spectroscopy and Relaxation of Molecular Liquids, Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  53. 49.
    Yarwood, J. (Editor), (1973), Spectroscopy and Structure of Molecular, Complexes, Plenum, London, p 174.Google Scholar
  54. 50.
    Green, J.; Lacey, A.; Sceats, M. (1986), J. Phys. Chem., 90, 395,;Google Scholar
  55. 50a.
    Green, J.; Lacey, A.; Sceats, M. ibid 1987, J. Phys. Chem., 87, 3603.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 51.
    Hare, D.E.; Sorensen, C.M. (1990), J. Chem. Phys., 93, 25;ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 51a.
    Hare, D.E.; Sorensen, C.M. ibid, J. Chem. Phys., (1990), 93, 6954.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 52.
    Maeda, Y.; Ide, M.; Kitano, H. (1999), J. Mol. Liq., 80, 149–163 (and references therein).Google Scholar
  59. 53.
    Alvarez, F.; Alegria, A.; Colmenero, J. (1991) Phys, Rev. B44, 7306,ADSGoogle Scholar
  60. 53a.
    Alvarez, F.; Alegria, A.; Colmenero, J. ibid, Phys, Rev. 1994, 49, 14996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 54.
    Havriliak, S.; Negami, S. (1967), Polymer, 8, 101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 55.
    Volino, F.; Dainoux, A.J. (1980), Mol. Phys. 41, 271.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 56.
    Gotze, W.; Sjogren, L. (1992), Rep. Prog. Phys., 55, 241.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jack Yarwood
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Research InstituteSheffield Hallam UniversitySheffieldUK

Personalised recommendations