Struggling Against Illiteracy in a Global City: The New York Experience
An eminent center of national and international migration, New York City (NYC) has had difficulty in integrating immigrants into its social fabric since it began as a colonial outpost at the southern tip of Manhattan in the early seventeenth century. As schooling began to be institutionalized as a public endeavor, questions of education and immigration immediately became intertwined. In educating immigrant children from diverse shores, the public school system has reflected both socio-political struggles within the city’s elites (the clergy, politicians, and the local aristocracy) and socio-economic disparities within the city’s geography. New York’s role as a prime global player generates a range of problems within the city’s schools. The social geography of education is a useful tool for analyzing the disparities that shape New York’s numerous neighborhoods.
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